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Sepher Raziel (Sl. 3846)

Book of the Angel Raziel

Edited by Joseph H. Peterson,, Copyright © 1999, 2006. All rights reserved.

Note: You will need a Hebrew font installed to read portions of this document.

This grimoire was well known by the end of the fifteenth century. According to Joshua Trachtenberg, it was probably compiled in the thirteenth century (Jewish Magic and Superstition, p. 315.) Trithemius mentions it as one of his sources for his Steganographia. It was also apparently used by Agrippa in his book On Occult Philosophy on which see the new edition by V. Perrone Compagni.

The following English translation of the Book of the angel Raziel, is text is taken from Sloane MS. 3846 in the British Library, fols. 128r-157v. The text is closely related to that in Sloane 3826, though neither seems to be directly based on the other. A transcription of the text from Sl. 3826. has been prepared by Don Karr. I have noted some variants from Karr's transcription (abbreviated K).

For Latin text, see:

Compare with Michael Morgan Sepher Ha-Razim, the Book of the Mysteries: The Book of the Mysteries (Texts and Translations, No. 25.) (1983), English translation based on Margalioth's "reconstructed" Hebrew text (Jerusalem, 1966.) Hebrew text may be as 300 CE. For discussion see Merchavya, Chen, "Razim, Sefer Ha-," Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume XIII (NY: Macmillan, 1971), pp. 1594-95, and Niggemeyer, J.-H., Beschwörungsformeln aus dem "Buch der Geheimnisse (Sefer ha-Razim): Zur Topologie der magischen Rede, Judaistische Texte und Studien 3 (Hildesheim, NY: Georg Olms Verlag, 1975)

Comments by JHP are in []. I have also resolved most of the tildes and abbreviations in the text. (Karr's transcription does not seem to have indicated the tildes or expanded them.)

NOTE: If you find this document or others in these archives useful, please do not copy except for private use.

The booke, entituled Cephar Raziel, contain'g seuen treatises, was written by William Parry of Clyffords Inne1 by T**y, le barre - London borne at Northof in the County of Flynt & at the charges of John Gwyne of Kaudlos (?) in the county of Mountgomericke Esquire in the year of our lord god a thousand five hunderd threscore & four et Anno Elizabetha dei gra~ Angeliæ &c Reginæ sexto: 1. i.e. Cliffords Inn, London.
Londinij 2o Nouembris 1564.
William Parry.

In the publique lib. at Oxford in the manuscript in Archum (?) A. 116.

[128v is blank]


Liber Salomonis

In nomini dei potentis vivi & veri, & eterni &c

In the name of allmighty God living & very & everlasting & without all end which is sayd Adonay, Saday, Ehye, Assereye I begin this booke which is said Cephar Raziel with all his appurtynanuts2 in which be 7 tretises complete or fullfilled that is 7 books.

2. i.e. appurtenances.

Dixit Salomon g'lia & laus cum multo honore &c

Salomon sayd glory & praysing with much honour be to god of all creatures he that is singuler which made all things at one tyme. And he is one god very mighty he alone that is & that was & which evermore shall be. & which had never an even or any like him neither he is to have. And he is singuler without end, Lord alone wtout corruption, holy, cleane, meke & great all things seeing, hearinge, & wise & in all things mighty. And I begin this booke to put an ensample3 that who ever that hath it blame it not till he have read & heard all or some what of it, & then prayse be5 god maker of all things.

3. ensample: exemplar.

These be the 9 precepts.

Incipiunt precepta / here begine ye p[recepts]

Non credas esse plures nisi4 unum singularem &c.

4. K: insi.

Ne trowe5 thou not to be moe or many but one singuler alone upon all things which hath none like him & him love you and dread & honour with all trust & with good will & stable & with might & will all thy clene heart. Ne liue thou not without law & without *** (?) & thou shall be loved of god thy creator & of folkes. Ne do you not to another man that thou wouldest that another man did to thee. And be (?) thou **** & strangers the same. Ne be thou not a liar to the lord, neither to thy friend. And say thou such soth***es6 that be to thy profitt & not harme. Ne loue thou not neither fellowship thou more unwise men then wise men. And evermore love you many wisedomes & good scyences, and all thy will, & thy life be in them. Ne speakest thou not ere thou haue thought before. And that thou will do consider in thy heart ere thou doe it. Neither discover thou not thy priveties to a woman neither to a child, not to a foole, nor to a drunken man. Ne prove thou not a medicine, neither venym in thee er in another. Ne blame thou not a booke, neither prophecy neither a wiseman till that thou have proved him. And if thou with holdest these 9 precepts in the evermore thou shallt profitt more & more. Postquam sensus & scire & posse voluntas vera &c. After that witt & knowledge & might & very will overcometh all things with good witt & good discretion.

5. ne trow, i.e. 'don't suppose', which of course is the English translation of 'Non credas.'

6. K: soothes.

Therefore I will expound or make plaine & open this Booke which is of a great power & of a great vertue. I Salomon put such a knowledge & such a distinction, & explanation in this booke to evry man that readeth or studieth it, that he know whereof he was and from whence he came. know yse (?) that after I Salomon had xxx yeares wich are halfe in the 5. day of the month of hebreys, which was the sixt teriall (?)7 day the sonne being in the signes of Leonis. In that day was sent to me from Babylonie of some Prince that was [129v] greater & more worll8 then all men of his tyme some Booke that is said Cephar Raziel, which containeth 7 books & 7 treatises.

7. K: ferial.

8. K: worshipfuller.

Nota tempus in quo Salomon fuit pv adeptus istum librum & quomodo & a quo venit sibi. know thou the tyme in which Solomon gate (?) this booke & how & of whome it came to him. Iste liber est magnæ virtutis & magnis secreti &c. This booke is of great vertue & of greate privity. The name of the Prince that sent it to me was Sameton, & one of the tway [=two] wisemen that brought it to me was said Karmazail,9 & that other Zazont. The name of this expounded in Latin is Angelus magnus secreti Creatoris. That is to say the great Angell of the secret Creator. And in hebrew Cephar Raziel that is the booke of Sothnes (?) & of fullfilling & it was the first booke after Adam written in language of Caldey [=Chaldaean] & afterward translated in hebrue. And know each man that readeth it, that in it is all Semiforax, that is the great name compleate with all his names whole & euen & with his vertues & his sacraments & I found in it 7 bookes that is 7 treatises. And know yee that I found the first & the last full darke & the twey10 middle more playne. And allthoug I found them darke, I expounded them as much as I could & might. And the 7 treatises of this booke be these.

9. K: Kamazan.

10. K: five.


  • The first is said Clavis for that in it, is determined of Astronomy, & of the starrs for without them we may doe nothing.
  • The second is said Ala, for that in it is determin'd of the vertues of some herbs, of stones & of beasts.
  • The third is said tractatus Thimiamatus for that there is determined in it of Suffumigations & of allegacions of them & diuisions.
  • The fourth is said the treatise of tymes of the yeare or of the day & the night for that it is determined in it when euery thing ought to be done by this booke.
  • The fift is said the treatise of Cleanenesse for that there is determined in it of Abstinence.
  • The sixt is said Samaim for that it nempness [nameth] all the heauens & her angells & the operations or workings of them.
  • The 7th is the booke of vertues for that then is determined of vertues & miracles for there be told the properties of the Arte of Magicke, & of his figure & of his ordinance of the same.

And Then I began to write all these treatises in a new volume for that one treatise without another suffiseth not to the holynes of the worke; therefore I made an hole booke to be made of 7. treatises. Therefore Solomon bad to his writer Clarifaton that he should write it which knew well the language of Caldey of Inde & of Ebrew [Hebrew] & Syrike & his right explanation Natheus (?)11 Salomon after that Clarifaton said corrected it & dressed (?) after that it should be the better & ordeined it in the better manner that he might. Clarifaton said that was the writer of Solomon that this booke is of such greate vertue, priuitie & of full greate honour & it was sent to Solomon for such great price & most loue. And euerych treatise of these was written by it selfe, but although it be so it ought to be one booke alone by it selfe, for none of those should suffise without another wherefore, it is necessary that they be together. wherefore Solomon ordeyned that all were one boke as it ought to be, & as it [130r] ought to be read & wrought & he ordeyned much better then philosophers had ordeyned & he taught how a man ought to doe his worke by it. And he put euerych treatise by it self, & euery chapter by it selfe, ordeyned all till to the end of the booke. And put in this booke Semaforas yt is the booke of 17 vertues, how it [ought] to be written & of which ynk & in what parchmyn, & with what penne & what man & in which tyme & in what day & in what night & in what houre, after that Solomon had expounded in the booke of Razielis. And how it ought to be kept cleanly & with great honour. Dixit Salomon Qui videt & non cognoscit &c. Salomon said, who that seeth & knoweth not is as he that is borne blind & knoweth not colours, who that heareth & understandeth not is such as a deafe man who that speaketh & cannot expoune the reason is as a dumb man. who that considereth & knoweth not the consideration is such as a drunken man. who that readeth plaine books, & understandeth not is as he that dreameth. These proverbs Salomon said that a man beware well in this booke. Salomon said in this booke hit (?) that Raziel the Angel said to Adam that was the first man in this world And after that Moyses said to other prophetes in sothnesse [=truth] & we trowith so.13

11. K: Methelis.

12. in soothness: in truth.

13. we troth so: we pledge it is so.

[Of parchment or vellum]

Dixit Angelus Salomoni, vt omnes prophet tue operationes &c. The Angell said to Solomon that all thy workings & peticions & wills be fullfilled & it shall be made in all it that those shall couvite, that it be in thy might. It behoueth yu that when thou haste this booke of this or another examplar or ensample that those write it in such manner in virgin parchmyn, & that it be not filthy neither of a dead beast or in velume vitulino [vellum], or in parchemyne of silke or in sattin14 or in cleane cloaths or in parchemyn of a lambe or of a kidde virgin or of a fawne virgin & this is better then any of the other.

14. K: 'Samatyne,' with 'sattin' written above.

[Of the ink]

And the ynke which thou shalt write be it of cleane galles15 & be it made with good white wine & hoo* (?) & with gum & vitriol & Mastick & thur, & croco. And the third day where it shall well haue residence, & shall be cleansed put thou there a little of Algaba & of almea & put thou there of good muske or muske more then of these three. And put thou there Ambram & balsamum & mirram & lignum aloes & when the Incke [ink] shall be made be it boyled with masticke & with thur & with ligno aloës & with somewhat of Thymiamate & muculazarat & then clause17 it well with a cleane thynne cloth & the cloth be it three fold. Afterward put there mustum18 [musk] & ambram [amber] and almeam & algalia & balsamum & mirram [myrrh] all well grounded & thou shalt meddle with the Inke full well. & the inke be it so by 3 dayes well couerd in a sure place. And know thou that with this inke thou shalt write all the holy names of God & of his Angells & of his Saints & all thing in which his holy greate name is nempned19 or written, and all things that thou will werk (?) truly to be fullfilled with thy well pleasing or with thy seruice & what euer thou putteth in thy inke be it newe & bright & pure & good.

15. Galls, especially oak galls were a common ingredient in preparing inks. The Sword of Moses has a prescription for ink made with 'black myrrh (gall)'. Gall nuts are prescribed in Le Grand Grimoire for the ink used for pacts with devils.

16. thure: frankincense.

17. K: clense.

18. *muscum: musk. On these magical incenses also see Bruno, De Magia.

19. nempned: named.

[Of the pen]

And the Pen with which thou shalt write the holy name be it of greene reade gathered early ere the Sun arise & he that shall gather it he be cleane & washen in runnynge water or in a quicke well & he be clothed with cleane cloathes. And the Moone be it waxing with [130v] Capite Draconis, or with Joue, for that they be true & very.

And when thou shalt gather it, thou shalt behold or looke toward the Easte & thou shalt say thus.

Adonay el Saday Iuvate me ad complendum voluntates meas cum arundine ista.

That is to say,

[Adonay, El, Saday,] help ye me to fulfill my wille with this Reade.

and when this is said thou shalt cutt one reade or tweyne or as many as thou wilt with one stroke. And as Moyses said the knife be it well playne & sharpe & hool [whole] as though we should cut of a necke with it. And then take the Reade with thy cleane hands &; make thou of it gobbets. And when thou wolte cutt the penne, cut hit er that the Sunne arise or when it ariseth with the pen & with this ynke thou shalt write all the names of God holy seuerally. And as ofte as thou writest the name of the Creatour be thou cleane & so leyne20 and scoured & in a cleane place, & thou shalt fast ere thou shalt write by 3. days & thou shalt be bathed in cleane water & thou shalt be rather cleane by 9 dayes & cloth thou (?) thee with cleane cloths. And ordeyne to thee an house or a cleane place made cleane well with beesomes21 & washen & watered & suffumed. And ordeyne so that when thou writest hold thou thy fast (?)22 toward the East. And write then from morro till to midday till that thou eate. And after that thou hast eaten or drunken thou shalt not write in it any thing. And if thou wilt write sem~23 with his strengths the number of the moone be it euen, & most in the day of the Moone or of Mercury, or of Jovis, or Veneris [Venus]. And be thou ware of Saturne, & of Sole upon all. And Salomon said if thou puttest in the ynke of the bloode of a vowter or of a Turtur [turtle or turtle-dove], or of a gander holly or all white the ynke shallbe much the better, & with the more vertue. Also I say that if there were of Saphire poudered & Smaragdo & Jagunua & Topazio the Inke shall be complete & fullfilled. And with this Inke & with this penne ought to be written all the names of Sem~. And know thou that he that shall write this booke ought to be cleane & fasting & bathed & suffumed with precious aromatikes, that is with spices well smelling. And it shall be great profitt to thee & to him that maketh it or writeth it. And ech man that hath written this booke or hath holden in his house euermore hold he god in mynde & his holy angells & hit for which he hath made it, & he be euermore suffumed. And glorify he god euermore. And put he his minde in wch tymes of the iiij times of the yeare24 he shall worke, or of the iiij tymes of the moneth or of the iiij times of the day with his night, or of the iiij times of an houre. And euermore put he his mind to his foure tymes which they ought to be as invenies in libro p'p'harum.

20. K: solleme.

21. besoms: a broom.

22. K: face.

23. K: Semiforax.

24. K: day.

Dixit Salomon. Sicut si esset Castrum &c Salomon said as though there were a Castell full strong & his hightnes full great & high & enhaunced & well on eich side with walles [131r] environed & the gates in one place well strong & stable or ferme & with keys closed, therefore it behoveth that who that would open the gates of that close, & holsomly would enter into it, both with out traueill of gift, & without brusing of his body. It is necessary to haue the same keyes & none other of this Castill & of his gates & of his Closings. Thus I say this that is for to know the starrs & their names & their figures & their natures. And when they should be good, & when they should be evill. And this I say of the fixe25 & of the 7 erratic.26 neuertheles consider thou euermore the nature of the circle of the 12 signes that is the tuares (?).27 And therefore it behoveth that eich man that hath this booke that he hold it cleanly & keepe he hit with great reuerence & with great honour. And who that hath it & can read it, ne read he it not, but if he were before of full cleane of body & with great witte. And I make every man to know or wite that he ought not to worke by this booke in vein, neither without witte, neither without lawe or reason, & this is when every man doth to the contrary or when any reptiles or wode beasts should lett thee or do harmes to thee. And to know thou that although thou haue might & trust for to worke by this booke. And allthough thou might haue great trust in this, thou shalt not worke but with great right or law & with much reason. And thus understand thou of all thy contrarie And if thou workest otherwise by this booke then thou shouldest, thou mightest much lett thee, that is if thou workest without reason, & if thou were uncleane, or euill in thy selfe.

25. i.e. stars.

26. i.e. planets.

27. K: towards.

Clauis istius libris est cognoscere & scire locu &c. The key of this booke is to know & wite the places of the 7 bodies aboue & their natures, & their sciences & their domes, & all their vertues after that it appeareth in the earth to us.

Formata debet esse omnis figura cum exo vero, &c. Eich figure ought to be formed with very & true ensample.

figure of hand pointing to this text Therefore I put the figure of the keye in this booke that no man trowe28, that without reason & profitt it be made. & I put in figure one key with the skafte to the similitude or likenes that there is one soleyn Lord & god which neuer had neither shall haue any even or like to him. In the quadrature or that that [sic] is 4 cornered is signified that there be fower Elements & no more.

28. trowe: suppose.

And in this key is one triangle, which signifieth knowing might & will for without these three may not any man do any thing in this world, neither attayne to any profitt. And Salomon said that the shafte of this key is as Raziel said to Adam vnite or one head. And the quadrate is as 4 virtues, that be in hearbs & wordes & beasts. And they be to the similitude of Elements which openeth & doth all. And the 7 wardes be 7 Angells which have might in the 7 heavens & in the 7 days of the weeke as furthermore I shall teach you. And the triangle signifieth man which is in body & soule & spirite. And these above said ledeth together all the world as it was compownded in highnes & in lownesse.

Postquam huivsqe diximus oportet nos dicere, &c. After that we haue said hitherto it behoueth us to say for this booke that is said of the key of the 7 bretherne. And these 7 bretherne haue among themself 12. remes29 for to deuide or departe. And in eich reme beth xxx cities. And in every city be 60 Castells, & in euery Castell 60 Caldee that is feldy or wilde townes. And this ensample Salomon found [131v] & made distictions & said: There is one father & hath 7 Sonnes & these 7 sonnes be germaynes30, for after that they be of the same father germayne. And the elder is more hevy among all other. And the middle in the middle more ordinate then all. And other letle be in the br middle on (?) fellow shiping hit euermore. So thlie (?)31 tweyne of these be not much seuered from hit. And these 7 brethern said Solomon be:

29. K: 'realmes' (here and in other passages).

30. germains: siblings.

31. K: they.

Zedek. 2.Jupiter.
Madin. 2.Mars.
hamina 2.Sol.
Noga. 2.Venus.
Cocab. 2.Mercurius.
Labana. 2.Luna.
32. The seven planets in Hebrew are called éàúáù Shabathai/Sabbathi (Saturn), ÷ãö Tzedeq/Zedeck (Jupiter), íéãàî Madim (Mars), ùîù Shemesh/Schemes (the Sun), äâåð Nogah/Noga (Venus), áëåë Cochab (Mercury), and äðáì Levanah (the Moon.) Liber Juratus (London, Royal Ms. 17Axlii ) uses 'hamina' for the Sun.

know thou the houses of Planets. And Salomon put names to the 12 remes of germaynes. And they be said signes. And he beginneth to make distinction.

And he gaue to the fighter that is Mars, that he should rest & should not fight in the reme of the signe of Arietis. And of this vertue he is in the reme of the East. And he gaue him in the reme of the world the signe of Scorpionis, that he should fight strongly & that he should neuer rest & he is in the 8th reme from the first.

And afterward he gaue to the faire Noge .2. veneri twey remes of the which one hath the halvendle (?) of Tauri that is from the highnes of the head with his hornes till to the nauell.

Another is the 7th from the first that is Libra and otherwhile venus is aboue that is in the north & otherwhile beneath it is in the south. And so he hath enherited hit in tway parties. And when he gaue to the Paintor which is the writer that is Mercuries twey remes, of which one hath twey men embraced that is clipping together himselfe. That other hath a faire virgin winged & neuermore would be deuided or departed from women for these ymages be such & he displeaseth euermore to go much from the south into the North. And he gaue to the Malis (?)33 2. Lune for that Leo goeth euermore one reme & for Leo wole not much stand in her house & her signe is a fish, & that is said Cancer, wch hath many feete & he signifieth by this Leo wole much go for that Leo is under other brethern, this surter (?) alone.

33. K: Malix.

And he gaue to the middle Brother which is the lord of all other: & he commandeth all & is more onrned (?)34 or fayre arrayed, therefore he gaue to him one Reme full strong in helte & his signe is as the Lyon that sheweth him lord upon all beastes. So he is stronger & of more lordshippe upon all his brethern. And then remayned twey bretherne of the party of the South. And the elder tooke twey remes one about another for this that he should neuer be ouercomen in the signe of the Reme well meridionall or south & he is one beast with one horne in his fronte. And the signe of that other Reme is as a man that heldeth out many waters & this broder is said the old Sabaday. And than taketh that other brother for heritage on his right side the Reme with the signe of half a man & of halfe an horse & it is said Sagittarius & on the left side of Piscium. Know ye heere the natures of Signes. And Salomon said, Aries is a Signe very hott & drie colericke & so is Leo & Sagittarius & they haue might in the East. Taurus is earthy cold & drie melancolious & so Virgo & [132r] Capricornus & they haue might in the South. Gemini is very hott & moyst & sanguine & so libra & Aquarius & they haue might in the west. Cancer is watry feminine moist and phligmaticke & so Scorpio & Pisces & they haue might in the North.

34. K: adorned.

Iam diximus de naturis & signis, & eorum complexionibus &c. Now we hau said of natures & signes & of the Complexions of them. And then say we of the nature & of the Complexions of germaynes & what they signifieth. The first heigher that is said the old, Sabaday is Saturnus the Nature of which is cold & dry for that it is much straite & melancholiouse & it signifieth fathers, & wrath & discord in lands. The second is said zedek, & he is temperate for that he is betwixt the old Sabaday & the hott Madin, & Zadek is hott & moist sanguine in fauour sweet, & it draweth a good ayre & it signifieth good and honour & vertu.

The third is the fighter madyn & he is hott & dry euell & lesser & brenner, rauisher & lyer. The ferth is haminu [or hamina] 2. Sol, middle among other hole (?) & mighty & worll. & all the other brethren shameth & dreadeth him & he is much soth faste & stronngr. The fift is the faire Noga called cold & moist glad phlegmaticke fatt & flesht & well seeming in all his members & cheres & he signifieth good singds (?)35 & he is much glad among women. The sixt is the writer & the fore speaker cocab. This holdeth him selfe withall & serueth to all & signifieth writers & teidyngs & voyces after that it shall be with hit that with everych he holdeth himselfe when he is with it. The seuenth brother is Labana [Levanah] & it is Malx, & it is could [cold] & moyst & it signifieth brethern & itt bareth eich month the maundements of brethern to brethern. After that it is seuered from them.

35. K: soughts.

Deinde Loquamus de septem fratribus quare dicuntur claues &c. And then speak we of the 7 brethern why they be sayd the keyes of the world, & which this world may not excuss neither excuseth. And these were formed as 4 brethern, which be said the 4 elements & they hau after signification wit & discretion & might complete & honest & strengt & everych may in his hemispheare yt is empire. As an Emperour in his empire, or as a prince in his lordship. And they hau might on the 7 parties which we seyne Climates. And know thou that these bene mighty upon all beasts heere formed. And Salomon said prophetes clepeth these brethern 7 quicke spirits & hooly And wise men sayden that they were 7 lamps brennynge or 7 candlesticks of light & of life. And all prophetes clepeth 7 heauenly bodies which be 7 Planets & of cominle they be said 7 starrs. And 7 brethern be kept of 4 beasts full of syen before & behynd which be the parties of heuen. East, West, South, North. & they hau might in these foure parties of the world & in 4 times, & in 4 natures with her complexions & with all her parties & in the 4 Elements. And with this together ledde and moued all things moueable of the commaundement of God that put them in their places.

Dixit Salomon Sicut fuerunt semper status superius &c. Salomon said as there were euermore states aboue without corruption so know thou that there is now & shall be euermore. And for this we understandeth the bodies aboue cleane & good & made without [132v] corruption. And the nether bodies uncleane euill treated & broken & eich day they falleth & ben corrupted. And this corruption resteth not neither is made weary of the which we understand that the nether bodies mought not excuse the ouer bodies. And all things which we sene beneath him rote & beginnynge for things aboue. for things aboue be with out life & withou dolour. And things beneath by the contrarie hau death with dolour. & things aboue haue duringe without corruption. And things beneth eich day faylleth & be corrupted & minished. And all prophets sayn that if these lacked any one of the ouer bodies that is of these that be much aboue X. Ml 36 betwixt tho that we sene & tho that we se not. Know thou that it were a greate precipitacion & destruction & confusion in land & in sea & in the 4 Elements if it were broken or euill treated any of the bodies above. And if there failed one of the 7 brettern the Earth should come againe to his first stake, when all the Elements were cintuse.37 And if any of them bodylie had receiued corruption know thou that it were destroyed all thing that receiueth soule or life. And know thou as the 4 Elements be turned downward they be not turned without some reason of the 7 aboue. & this sayth the philosopher when the Sunn is destroyed eich life & eich soule is destroyed. And when the Moone is destroyed the ligatures or bindinges of the Sea be destroyed. And know thou that Saturnus is earthly & holdeth all the Earth in a ballance that it is not moued. And Jupiter the ayre & Mars the fier. And Sol the day & men. And Venus the fayrer parties of the world. & Mercurius Reason. And Luna the Earth Sea & waters & their powers. And know thou that euerych after that is were or shall be in his exaltation ordeyned & bounden with the sonne that reasons & words & speachs should be good betwixt men. And as ofte as Mercurius were ioyned in Virgine in the same point with Sole direct & not retrograde make we sutill things & reasonable. And as oft as Sol were in Ariete so many yeares unlike he geueth unto us. And as oft as Saturne were in Libra so many mutations he giueth in lands. And as oft as Jupiter is ioyned with Saturne in an Earthen signe so many diuerse mutations or chaungings he giueth & he changeth lawes & sects38 & Lordshipps. And thus understand thou in other complexions of Planetts after the states of them & their beholdings that is said aspectus.

36. K: ten thousand.

37. (?); K: confused.

38. K: seates.

Et Dixit Hermes istam rationem super capita animalis &c. And Hermes said this reason upon them heads of beasts. Saturne hath the right eare, [Jupiter the left. The right nostril to Mars,] Venus the left, & Sol the right eye, Luna the left. Mercury the mouth.39 These 7 hooles thet hau in power aboue upon the head of a man. And Salomon said that a man is a measure which is said Palmus made with hande in ye which bene all the vertues of the world, & of the 7 planets & that is only the head of a man. Wherefore every man is likened [133r] to his Starre & to his Elements. And Salomon said when I found a Spirite aboue retrograde or combust, or euill treated. Thus I say that his body was euill treated beneath in which it was like or he signified in hit. And who that were so wise that he knew his Signe & planett & his starre aboue & his sign~atoar,40 he might do good & euill to himselfe & other men And the nativities of beasts beth demed such workings you shall do with the helpe of god.

39. In marg: OP1.22: "But Hermes saith, That there are seven holes in the head of an Animall, distributed to the seven Planets, viz. the right ear to Saturne, the left to Jupiter, the right nostrell [nostril] to Mars, the left to Venus, the right eye to the Sun, the left to the Moon, and the mouth to Mercury. The severall Signes also of the Zodiack take care of their members. So Aries governs the head, and face, Taurus the neck, Gemini the armes, ...."

40. K: signification.

Postquam diximus de 12 figuris [*signes] & planetis &c. After that we haue said of thhe 12 figures [*signes] & planetts & of radiis of them we should say that ech Planet that were in ascendence it is nempned coniunctio. And how much the Latitude or bridth shall be lesse so much the coniunction is said stronger & if there is more latitude the coniunction is febler & so I say to thee in the middle of heauen. And od the points of the 12 houses which be the stronger places of all houses, I say the point of the first degree of the house. And eich starre that were lesse & hath upon himselfe another, thilke is said41 that it hath power & goeth upon another from starr to starre & this ech starr that diuerseth from another by 60 degrees before & after: it is said aspectus sextilis, that is the sixt beholdinge. And ech planet that diuerseth 90 degrees before & behind, it is said in aspectu 4to. that is in the 4th beholding. And ech planet that diuerseth 120 degrees before & behind it is said in aspectu tertio, that is in the third beholding. And ech planet that diverseth by 180 degrees is in opposition in that that [sic] it is in the Contrarie place. The[se] be the 7 beholdings & no mo duo tertii duo 4ti and duo sextiles, & unus oppositus, that is to sey, tweyne42 in the third, tweyne in the fourth & tweyne in the sixt & one contrary as against. The coniunction is complete when they be in one degree. Double coniunction of twey good or temperate sheweth double good. As twey euill by the contrary sheweth much euill. Twey sextiles beholdinge the ascendent auaileth one good of terno. And twey terni auaileth in beholding the ascendent, one good fortune in the ascendent. And twey quarti in beholding the ascendent auayleth one greiuous or heavy, if there were euill sters. And twey opposita auaileth one in fortunate in the ascendent or in the oppo~ita. And twey quarti auaileth as much as a starr falling or combust or retrograde that is letted in the ascendent, one fortune or tweyne in the ascendent and another of sextili, & another of terni beholdinge the ascendent sheweth much good hasty or highing. Twey evill in the ascendent or one with another in opposito that is in the contrary or of falling they shew a greiuous & long impediment. And if they be falling & letted it shall be wors, one fortunate in ascendent beholden of twey ternis it sheweth much good, & how much there were mo wittnesses upon the figure of which thou enquirest or seekest, or of which thou workest so much it shall be the better. And if three planets beholding the ascendent with good beholding & twey euill, the good ouer the euill & so of other. One infortune & in hascendent beholden of twey quartis sheweth much griefe. Caput draconis is much better then cauda. Ech Planet in his head of the same degree more Lordshippeth in the figure for that it is twey in latitude to the weye of the Sunne & it profitteth [133v] in going toward the party of the north. Ech planet in the tayle of the dragon is ministring of his worke that goeth toward the South.

41. thilk is said: the same is said.

42. tweyn: twain, i.e. two.

Luna coniunct or ioyned with Saturnu & Marte in the ascendent it constrayneth & thristeth43 diuells. Saturnus maketh in deuills strenght & great power. Luna coniunct or ioyned with Joue [Jupiter] & Venere [Venus] in ascendent it sheweth great dilection & great loue in eich good thing. Luna ioyned with Martis & Saturno in th [sic] ascendent it sheweth impediment but if the planet were of good receiueying. Luna ioyned with Sole in one point [sheweth] greate grace & that if they were good. Luna ioyned in falling (?) & to Mercury in the asce3ndent it sheweth the contrary. Luna in ascendent by it selfe signifieth after that the planet to which it is ioyned. Luna with Capite Draconis in the ascendent sheweth good. Luna with Cauda [Draconis] or Combust or ioyned with a starre letted or in euill setting it sheweth much euill. When caput Draconis Lune were with capite Saturni, & there were Luna or Saturne & there is worke of celsan made it signifieth upon burdinger (?) of deuills fowle & euill. Ech planett that is with dracone of another & both be ioyned it sheweth a soth & or vemp*eprke44, & more in the ascendent. And if Caput draconis were of Jouis or Lune & these twey coniunct or ioyned in th ascendent it sheweth much good & encreasing of good & of honour. And if it were in cauda not only when there were twey Cauda Draconis that is of Lune & of other they be full euill when luna were with them. When Caput draconis Lune were with capite draconis Martis, & Luna & mars in thilke point it sheweth strength & might. And if Cauda with Cauda & Luna & Mars together it is full greivous & euill. after yt euerych is euill after the place or beholding of another. Caput draconis & Luna in Capite Arietis Luna Sol in Zamni sheweth great might & great honour. And by the contrary in Libra beneth with cauda draconis. Caput draconis with capite veneris sheweth much loue & in cauda the contrary. Caput draconis mercurii with capite draconis Lune sheweth worke of reason & of voic & of many sownes [sounds]. And in cauda Lune with Mercury & Saturno it sheweth us the beholdinge of many experiments. Lune in capite sui draconis sheweth & if there were Jupiter or venus it shall do the worke of Jouis or of Veneris & it shall profitt in all good as these be good. Luna if it be in cauda sui draconis & Mars & Saturne with hit or they beholdeth it with euill beholding sheweth as euill as we haue said of Saturnus & Marte. And we haue said that Saturne norisheth diuills & Mars draweth & thresteth & figureth them. And Saturnus gathereth together many deuills; Venus & Saturnus gathereth togeher diuills & winds from beneth. A good starre in the ascendent & luna ioyned with a good starr [134r] sheweth much good: and the begining in all hit in which were dn~s quarte that is the end Lord of the 4th And if the 4th house is well beholden of good all the end of the thing (?) shall be good when the lord of the forth house were euill & euill treated it sheweth noyi & euill. A signe ascendent sheweth the body. The Lord of the Ascendent or the planet that is in the ascendent or which beholdeth it sheweth it his spirit. And the Lord of the houre signifieth his soule & his will. And thus understand thou in other domes the body & the soule & the spirit, ffor these 3 know thou that they make the body of a man safe & hoole.

43. thristeth: throws.

44. (?); K: "it sheweth a very soothe or try worke"

Nota de exaltationibus. Know thou of exaltacions.

Dixit Hermes Saturnus exaltatur in Libra &c. Hermes said Saturnus is anhaunced in libra. And Jupiter in Cancro. And Mars in Capricorno. And Sol in Ariete. And Venus in Piscibus. And Mercurius in Virgine. And Luna in Cancro. And know thou that Saturnus gladeth or ioyneth in the 12 house. & Jupiter in the 2. & Mars in his 6. & Sol in the 9. And Venus in the 5. And Mercurius in the Ascendent. & Luna in the 3. And th ascendent hath 12 vertues, & eich planet that is in it upon eich place of the Circle. The 10 house hath 11 vertues. the 11 houses hath 10 vertues. The 7. 9. the forth 8. the fift 7. the ninth 6. the third 5. The second 4. Th eight 3. The twelth 2. The 6. ove vertue. And euermore consider you in all things that thou shallt do upon the planetts how it shall be in the 12 house, & thou shall profitt if thou chesest [choosest] wel. And Salomon said. Ech man that worketh by this booke it behoueth that he know all these thinges, that is reasons, which here I wyl not expowne to thee that is that thou know in which tyme thou were [born] of the 4 tymes of the yeare. And in which month of the months of Lune. And begin you from the Lunacion of the month of Mercury where euer Luna prima were. And all secret or priuity be yt axed in Saturno with aall deepnes. And all honour & substance be it asked upon Joue. And all strife & battell & hastinge of Marte. And all cleauenesse & lordshippe of Sole. And all fairenes & dilections or loves & fattnesses of venere. And all reasons & witts & subtilltyes of Mercurio. And all changing & fortune of Luna. And of these 7 thou shalt aske euermore councels where thou findest them in their houses & signes. And all as they should show to thee deme thou upon them in all good & euill.

Now we hau fullfilled here with the helpe of God the Treatise that is said Liber Clauis, that is the booke of the key.

Here endeth the first booke &
beginneth the second.


Liber Secundus

Dixit Salomon sicut alæ auium sunt membra &c. Salomon said As the wings of fowles or birds be members that leadeth the foules to the place where they desire to be, so by vertue of stones & of herbs & of beasts that liueth in flying & swimming, in going, in creeping thou might attayne to thee that that the wolt, yf thou chesest the natures of them, the properties & vertues. And therefore wee clepeth this booke Alæ, that is wings for without wings nether fowles neither fishes mought moue themself. And so as wings beareth bodies toi highnes upward & to fundaments downwards & into longitude & latitude that is in to length & bredth. So by the vertues of Stones & of herbs with grace & with much might of Sem~ [Semiforas] know thou that thou might attayne yt thou couetest to do as to heale & make sicke or stand or go.

Dixit Salomon sicut Lapides sunt mundiores &c. Salomon said as stones be cleaner & fayrer then gold & in 4 vertues of this world as be stones, herbs, wordes & beastes. I say that in the beginning of this booke [Cepher] Raziel that was crowned with 7 stones of great power, & he put them in his booke. The first is Rubinus [ruby]. 2. carbunculus. The second Smaragdus [emerald]. The third Saphirus. The 4 berillus. the 5 Topazius. The 6 Jaguncia. the 7 Adamas. And of the vertues of these stones Raziel hath spoken & said that they were crowned of 7 Angells which hau might on the 7 heauens. & of the 7 dayes of the weeke.

figure of hand pointing to this text And Raziel said know eich man that hath this booke, that in this booke be the more vertues of this world. And the first vertues of this booke that is said of 4 wings be the vertues of stones. Wherefore know thou that by stones alone thou might doe wonderfull things, if thou hast well knowen as thou shouldest do with all other Images. If thou keep them cleanly & reuerently.

De Prima Ala.

Et dixit Salomon. Scias quod in prima ala sunt &c. And Solomon said know thou that in the first ala or wing be 24 precious stones great & of great power to similitude, & signification that there be 24 houres in the day & night. Salomon began & said. I put or set the first stone Carbuncum, 2. rubinum, For that it is brighter & clearer & fairer & of more price aboue all other stones. And I woll say of his colour & his power & his vertue, & of his seale & of his figure that ought to be in it. And thus I shall say in all other stones. Ech stone signifieth durability or lastingnes without end. The colour of Rubin is as the colour of fire sparckling. And his power is that he shyneth by night as starr or as a flame of fire sparklinge. And the vertue of it is that it maketh good colour of men that beareth it reuerently. And it encreaseth his good of this world among other men. And the ymage which thou ought to put in hit ought to be as Draco that is a dragon well fayre with dread. The second stone is Topazius of which of which the colour is cytrine as of gold. his power is that if it be put in a caudron with feruent or boyling water it with holdeth that it may not boyle which is for great power of making could. And the vertue of it is that it maketh a man chast that beareth it with him & it giueth benevolence or well willing of great Lords. And his figure is a Faucon [falcon].

The third stone [135r] is smaragdus this stone is greene & faire upon all greenenesse, and it is not heavy as other. And his power ia to keepe the light, & it healeth the face. And it doth many wonderfull things. And his vertue is to encrease riches. And who that beareth it in gold prophecieth things to come. And the figure of it is Scarabeus that is a man~ flye. The 4th stone is Jaguncia [jacinth] the color of which is red as the graynes of an apple. Of these sothlie there will be well coloured some & some a little & some in the middle manner. his power is that he that beareth it is not infect with alien infirmity. his vertue is that he giueth health & honour, & keepeth the man bearing it hoole in ways or in Journeys. And his figure is a Lion well figured. The 5 stone Crisopazius of which the colour is greene & within it hath similitude as though it had golden dropps. And his power is to defende a man from the podagrie. And his vertue is that it maketh to prophecy things to come if it were in the hand cleane & chast. And his figure is the Image of an Asse. The 6 stone is Saphirus the colour of which is full ledy & faire as the colour of the pure cleane heauen. his power is that he healeth all infirmities that wexeth in a man of inflamacion & greuance of the eyes. And it cleanseth them much. And if in this stone be grauen the head of a man with the beard it delivereth a man from prison & from all pressure. And this stone accordeth to the power of great Lords & of kings. If this stone be kept cleanly, reuerently & chastly & that it be good oriental with it a man might attayne great honour & the profitt of it that he seeketh & coueteth. And sem~en putteth there the signe of a wether z. Arietis.45

45. K: the signe of a ram. Aries.

The 7 stone is Berillus the colour of wch is of the eye or of sea water & some of them be round & some of 5 corners. This stone ought to be cleare wthin & cleane and his power is to chauf the hand closed of him that beareth it. And if it be set in gold it giueth great freindshipe betwixt twey men if thou touchest them with it. And his figure is Rana, that is a frogge & it is of great power for to make peace concord & loue. The 8 stone is Onix [onyx]. this stone is full blacke, & his power is to giue him that beareth it many dreadfull dreames & dreades. he that beholdeth himselfe in it hath power upon all deuills in constrayneing them & in cleping & in gatheringe them together in speculeo tabileo [jubileo?] coniuring as it behoueth. And his figure is the head of a camell or twey heads betwixt twey trees that be said mirti. the ninth stone is said Sardus the colour of which is red & faire, & his power is to make other stones fairer. his vertue is to giue good colour to him that beareth it, and it is put in gold. And if there be grauen in it Aquila that is an Egle [eagle] it giueth great honor. the tenth stone is Crisolitus and it is of golden colour & sparkling as fire. his power is to gather together deuills & winds. And his vertue is to defend the place where it is from euill spiritts & dead men that they do not there any euill. And that deuills obey to thee. And his figure is vulture that is a vowter. The 11 stone is said Cliotopia. And it is a stone of great power of which the colour is greene & faire & shineing & cleare with dropps like blood well red within. This stone is said the stone of wise men, of prophetes & of Philosophers. And this is honoured for twey things for the colour like to Smaragdo in greenesse, and in rednesse to Rubino. The price of this stone ouercometh the price of other, and of his vertues & proprieties. the power of this stone is that if it be put in any broad vessell full of water to the sunne it resolueth the water into vapour. And it maketh it to be raised upward till that into the forme of Rayn [rain] it be conuerted downeward. His vertue is that who that beareth it in the mouth or in the hand closed he may not be seene of any man. With this stone a man may haue power upon all deuills & make eich incantacion or enhantment [enchantment] that he woll. And in this stone ought to be grauen vespertino. thus he saith but I trowe it be vespertilio [135v] that is a backe46, or reremouse.47 the 12 stone is Cristallus of which the colour is of water congeled of cold. his power is that he putteth asbtray of fire from him. And his vertue is that he encreaseth to norich [nourish] much mylke [milk] and good. And thou may take in it what vertue thou wilte. After that the houre shall be in which thou hast wrought. And after that the ymage shall be which thou hast made although they be many, & hit be seene easy. know thou that it hath many vertues. And his figure is a Griffon that is a fowle & a beast, for he hath 4 feete & 2 wings, & he is a great beast. the 13 stone is Cornelnia and it is likned to water in which bloode as the loture [i.e. lotion] or washing of blood. And his power is to stanche blood of the nostrills. And of these be grauen in hit a man well clothed holding a yarde48 in hande, it giueth honour to him yt beareth it. the 14 stone is Jaspis & it is thicke derke greene & red, & there be some greene & cleare & they be better then other. And there be some red thicke & dropped. And his power is that who yt beareth it, is not letted with venyme neither with serpent neither with Attercoppe [i.e. spider], neither with scorpion, & it defendeth a man from a feauer if in it be grauen Leo, Aries, or Sagittarius. the 15 stone is yris & it is likened to Cristall or to gellij [jelly] & it hath corners, & if any man put itin an house to the beame of the sunne, so that the beames passe through it or by it, the colour appeareth of the Rayne bow. And for this cause it is sayd yris that is the Rainbow. And this is his might for he hath 7 corners: And the vertue of it is to keep the place in which it is with health honestly & there ought to be grauen in hit a man yc armed that beareth a bow & an arrowe. the 16 stone is Corallus & it wexeth in riches of the sea as arbor inuersa that is a tree ouerturned. And it hath branches as a tree more till [two] to three palmes or pawmes & no more. And when it is drawen up it is greene & tender & when it is dried in the aire, & it is made red & hard as another stone & otherwhile it is founden white. And know thou that the red be better. And where this stone were it keepeth the house & the vineyard or the place from tempest pestilence & Torment & it keepeth the place with health & it defendeth a man from malefetis z. maleficiis & from all euill enchauntments. And his ymage is a man like to him that holdeth a sword in his hand. The 17 stone is prorsms or prossins & it is of greene colour & thicke & fayre & it helpeth malefetis & giueth to them grace to his ministery & taurus ought to be grauen in it. The 18 stone is said Catel & it is of great power both in dedes & in vertue the colour of which is like to Berill, but for it is derker than it although it haue within full cleare & cleane beames or strakes. And there be found some of 6 corners & some of 5. And his power is to enclepe deuills & to speake with them. And his vertue is, which if thou makest in the banke of a water & bringest the rote of Appii & [136r] the stone hanged to the necke in the skynne of an asse suffumed with mastice, thur, croco, & thou inclepest what dead man thou wolt that is knowen to thee & other. know thou that anone he shall appeare to thee & he shall be with thee in the same tyme. And graue thou in it a lapwing & before draganciam which is a middle herbe & it is said Columbrina.

46. backe: bat (Lat. vespertilio).

47. Dormouse.

48. K adds "or a rod."

The 19 stone is Celonites & it is greene as an herbe, And his power is that it wexeth and decreaseth as the moone. And his power is to make peace & concord betwixt tweyn if in it were the figure of a swallow. The 20 stone is calcedonius & it is white as betwixt Cristall & Berill or as gytus thicke bright. his power is to overcome plee. his vertue is to hold a man hole in an alien land. And his Image is a man that holdeth his right hand straight forth to heauen. The 21 stone is Cerannus. This stone is of diuers colours after diuers climates & diuers lands. Otherwhile white, otherwhile browne & greene & red. And els where it is likened to yron [iron] & somewhere to copper & to sulphure & it hath as roundletts painted & little drops. And his power is to defende a place from thundrings & lightnigs. And his vertue is to defende from all enemies. And write thou in hit in one partie Raphael, Michael, Gabriel. And on that other side Pantaseron, Micracon. Saidalson. And thou berest & hast it in thy power thou shalt ouercom all enemyes & thine aduersaries. the 22 stone is Ametistus & it hath the colour of wine upon a white cloath or of rose, or violett. And this hath might to chase away fendes. And his vertue is to defend from drunkennesse. And his figure is Vrsus that is a beare. the 23 stone is magnetis or magnes. And it is of great weight & like to ferro brunito. his power is that he draweth dead yron [iron] as nayles, knife & sword. And his vertue is that with it thou might be in what house thou wilt & doe what thou wilt with men & with things of the house suffuming the house of hit & with this men made enchantments. And graue thou in it a man 7, armed when Luna were in Ariete or Scorpione ioyned with Marte. And Sol (?) be it beholding them of terno aspectu. And know thou that what manner images thou grauest in this stone such enchantments thou might attayne and beare with thee & thou shalt profitte. The 24 stone is Adamas & it is of middle colour & the better hath somewhat of greennesse. And his power is that with it other stones be grauen, & therefore we haue put it more straunge, and more utter.49 And his power or vertue is to keepe the members of a man safe & hole. And this stone is more & better it selfe at price in enchauntmenmts and in inuocations of winds, spirits & deuills. And with this thou may send whateuer fantasy thou wilt. And his figure is of 5 corners. And know ech man who that woll beare with him a pretious stone, be he pure & cleane, when he would doe any thing with them. And eschew he or keepe himselfe from uncleannesse & keepe he them reverently in a quy iche or in a cleane place. And Raziel said in the houre in which thou wilt do of sem~ [Semiforas] beare the three stones aboue said & thou shalt profitt.

49: K: openly.

Dixit Salomon sicut aius corpus volare non pt &c. Salomon said as the body of a fowle ne may not fly without wing neither go wither he coueteth. So by science of one thing alone we mought not fullfill that wee desire. And for this we putte the second Key in this booke. And we say ne if [it?] the second, for that it maketh the second openinge. ffor as this world is closed with 4 elements: so this booke is closed with [i.e. encompassed by] 4 sciences & 4 vertues. And now we haue said of stones, now say we of herbes. Know thou that in herbs is vertue of the most that may be. And some of naturalls of this world beth yt liueth of them as they that haue reason. And some that flieth & some which swymmeth, & wch goeth & which crepeth. And know thou that of trees & herbs some liueth much & some middle & some litle & that is to the similitude of beasts. Know thou that among herbs there be some with which thou may do good & euill. As to heale & make sicke. And so understand thou in these that shall be said furthermore. And Adam said by a tree came wretchednes into the world that is by the tree I sinned in it. And Raziel said, An herbe shall be thy life. And Salomon said, A tree shall be & shall wexe of which the leaues shall not fall. And it shall be medicyne of men.

The second wing is to the similitude of 24 houres, & of 24 stones.

De Secunda Ala.

Prima herba est acyl almalit &c. The first herbe is acyl almalit & it is said Corona regia, and in Latin Ros Marinus. This herbe hath a myddle tree50 & good odour, & little leaues & his power is to chaufe contorte the brayne. And if an house be suffumed with it, it chaceth away deuills. The same doth Pionia. The second herbe is Artemesia & this is mother & first of other. But for that other is said Corona regis that is to say the Crowne of a kinge, we hau putt it first. Of this they saiden all that in all things that thou dost thou shalt put of it. And the leafe is middle greene on that one side & white on that other. And it wexeth middlly. And with this thou shalt clepe windes & all spiritts that thou wilt & thou shalt profitt. The third herbe is Canabus [cannabis] & it is long in shafte & clothes be made of it. The vertue of the Juse [juice] of it is to anoynt thee with it & with the iuce of arthemesy & ordyne thee before a mirrour of stele [steel] & clepe thou spiritts & thou shallt see them & thou shalt haue might of binding & of loosing deuills & other things. The 4 herbe is said feniculus & it hath small leaues & a longe shafte. And it is an holy herbe and worshipfull. And it is medicine of the eyen & it giueth good light & it chaceth away euill spiritts & euill eyen in the place where it is. The roote of it chaceth away euill things & helpeth the sight. The 5 herbe is cardamomu & it is hott & of good complexion & it is of middle highnesse & it giueth [137r] gladnes to him that useth it. And gathereth together Spiritts. Eate thou this when thou clepest or makest invocation, & if thou wilt made fame of it. the 6 herbe is anisum & it is of chastity ioyned to camphore & thou shalt see that spiritts should dread thee. And it is a cleane herbe & it maketh to see secrett things & priuy, & the fume of this ascendeth much. the 7 herbe is Coriandrum, & this with holdeth the spirit of a man much with other, & it maketh a man as full of sleepe. And this gathereth much together the Spiritts. Wherefore euermore they standeth with it, so that it is said that if with this and Apio & iusquno51 thou make fumigatione compowned with much Lazaras z. leicula anone it gathereth together sp~ & therefore it is said herba sp~m. The 8 herbe is said persilium which hath greate might for to chace away the spiritts of roches.52 And his vertue is to breake the stone in the bladder of him that useth it. the 9 herbe is ypi~con [hypericon] & it is a middle herbe thirled the iuyce of hit seemeth bloode. This is of great power for with the iuce of it & wit croco, & arthemesia & with fume of radicis Valeriane if it be written upon what frendshippe thou wilt of a Prince of Spirits of the eyre and deuills know thou that anon it shall be that thou couetest. And so upon spirits & winds. the 10 herb is Ap~ni. this is of great power upon winds & deuills, and fantasies, & it is shaded & touched to shade & the (?) cloude alstisse for in it by winds & deuills & this alone maketh albo fortu~.

50. tree i.e. stalk or trunk.

51. (?) K: insquiano.

52. roches: rocks

Vazebelil. z. martagon. & they be much contrary for one is kept with heauenly angells & another with deuills. z. ap~m. And this breaketh the stone of the reynes. And a woman with child use her it not, for it noyeth53 to the child. And it gathereth together deuills when suffumigation is made with it nisqrmo and arthemesia Apiu~ suffumed by 7 nights with fagar almeit, & gathered cleanly & the roote of it put & dried & than tempered with aqua lapidis suffume thou thee by enviroñ, when thou wilt, & thou shalt see fantasies & deuills of diuerse maners.

53. Noy: annoy or vex.

The 11 herbe is Coriandrum of the secund kind which maketh to sleep much. And if thou make suffumigation of hit & Croco & msgrm~o & apio~ and p'pv'e nigro grounden together euenly & tempered with succo cicute & with ??? [K: msk]. And then suffume thou the place where thou wilt hide treasure when luna were ioyned to Soli in ang'lo terræ, that is to say in the corner of the earth. Know thou that thilke treasore shall neuer be found, & who that will take it away shall be made fooles. And if in the houre of deposicion of the gold or siluer of the stones or ymages thou suffumest with thur, must, succo, ligno aloës corto (?) -- euermore deuills kepeth that place & euill winds. And know thou that it might neuer be disolued or fond out without Sem~. or an image made thereto by the point of starres.

The 12 herbe is Satureia this is of great vertue & of good odour & who that beareth it with him with arruc'la muris in the day of Veneris it giueth grace of goods & it taketh away from the place windes & euill fantasies.

The 13 herbe is that is said sta~ & this is middle in lenght & hath little leaues: this ought to be holden worshippfully in holy places as in churches for it defendeth the place from euill things. And with his prophetes madeth dead men to speake that were dead by many dayes or fewe. In place [137v] where is any euill he hath not might if he that bearetht it clepeth him not. And it giueth to him might upon thing which he would. And this herbe put upon the place where deuills be closed it constrayneth them & bindeth them lest they might moue themself. And Salomon said I found in the booke of Hermetis54, that who that taketh water in the 4th houre of the night & goeth upon the tombe of a dead man with Spirit he will haue speech, cast he water upon the tombe with this herbe ysopo. And the water be it suffumed with costo succo musto & say surge, surge, surge, that is to say, "rise, rise, rise," & come & speake to me. And do this by 3 nights, & in the third he shall come to thé & he shall speake with thee of what thing thou wilt.

54. For Liber Hermetis see Sloane MS. 3847, fol. 84-100: Hermes. Trismegistus. Liber Magicus 17th cent. (Liber Hermetis tractans de 15 stellis 15 lapidibus 15 herb. et 15 harum rerum figuris.)

The 14 is spillu~55 which is of great vertue: for it sheweth or maketh open in the ayre, that other mought not do. And it maketh to see spirits in the cloudes of heauen. And this with cicorea56 & garmone, & the tree yt swymmeth which is said Arbor cancri57 & ma~lie with rore pradij [p radii (?)] & with the tree that sheweth by night, & it is said herba lucens that is the herbe shineing. Yf thou makest with these an oyntement with the eyne of a whelp & with the fattnes of an heart [hart], thou might go surely whither thou wilt in one houre.

55. K: psyllium.
56. K: scicorda.

The 15 herbe is maiorana this keepeth an house by it selfe & defendeth from euill infirmities. And Hermes said that genciana & veleriana [valerian] & maiorana [marjoram] availeth much upon great honour of princes & of great men.

The 16 herb is Draguncia. This is of great power & the highnesse of the roote of it ioyned with the tung of Colubri which is lett quicke. And the herbe be gathered when Sol is in the first degree of Cancri [Cancer], & Luna beholdeth mercur~ or is in the house of mercur~, or ioyned with him. Know thou that who that toucheth with this Clausures57 they shall be opened to him anone. And hermes said that it gathereth together winds & spiritts if mandragora were with it & capillus de zoara.

57. K: clansures or locke.

The 17 herbe is Nepita. And if this with maiorana & Athanasia & trifolio & Saluia, peruca, edera & arthemesia with ysopo58 be ioyned & gathered together crescente Luna die Jouis that is to say in the waxinge of the moone in the day of Jouis [Jupiter] in the morrow when the Sunne wexeth from the first degree of Arietis till into the first of Cancri. And when thou shalt gather him be thou cleane & washen worshipfully & stand thou toward the East. Know thou that the house & the place is amended where these 9 herbs were ioyned together & put them upon the gate of thy house & thou shalt profit euermore. And these 9 herbs ioyned be like to rubine

58. K: maiorana and athanasia & trifolio and salina hermita edera and artemisia wth ysope

The 18 herbe is linu~ suffumigation of the seed of this with sere~psillii .z. azarlochona & radix viole & apii maketh to see in the ayre things to come & to say many propheces.

See OP1.43: "So they say that fumes made with Lin-seed [linseed], and Flea-bane seed [psyllium, Lat. Psyllii], and roots of Violets, and Parsly [parsley], doth make one to fore-see [foresee] things to come, and doth conduce to prophecying." A more elaborate method can be found in Muzzi's edition of Grimorium Verum.

The 19 herb is saluia [salvia]. This is of great vertue & the long leafe of it as lingue Agni & sharpe. this breaketh or disperseth euill shades & euill spiritts from the place where it is. And it is good for to beare with him: for it holdeth a man hool, but a sicke man hold he it not with him.

The 20 herbe is Samina [138r] [Sanina]. And so~men sayn that it is a tree. this is a tree of loue & dilection, who that can chese it. And if this with somewhat of croci & with Lingua Colubri be borne with him in a ring of gold and somewhat of pvi*ca [provinca] surely go thou before the king or before whomeuer thou wilt, & most if thou put with it the stone that is said Topazius or yf thou wilt Berillum. And if this ring were made when Luna is ioyned to Jovis in trino from Sole it is much the better. And it is said Annulus Solis that is the ring of the Sunne & it is of health & against infirmities & it is of grace & vertue & of honor.

The 21 herb is Nasturcium. This holdeth the members hole & there were with it Origanum & Pulegium & arzolla & be borne together with thee & thou eatest of them, thou shalt be hool wthin & without. And so if thou anoyntest thee with them and were suffumed with marrubio, albofor, & reubarbaro, & herba thuris it shall defend of many infirmities.

The 22 is an herb that it said Canna ferula. this is full dreadfull & greivous, & strong in worke. And if thou takest the iuce of it, & the iuice of cicute & ms~qim & Japsi barbati, & sandalum rubeñ & puprrm nigrum with this confection made fume thou what thou wilt, that thou see deuills and things & strang figures. And if Apm~ were with this know thou that from eich place suffumed deuills should flye, & if thou wilt thou might destroy euill spiritts. This suffumigation is full euill & dreadfull. for the fume of it & the worke ouercometh in malice & worketh most euill. And more strongly if Luna were with Saturno or in oppositio with Marte, that is in opposition of Martis.

The 23 herb is calamintum & it is likened to n~ite [? K: mynte] & it is of great vertue in good suffumigacions, & if there is with it on~ta [? K: menta] & palma xpi~ z Pionia. These be holden taketh away euill winds and spirits from a place & euermore it is against fantasies.

The 24 herb is Cicoreya. This is full good in all exorcisms & if it be ioyned with eri~go & pentafilon & ypericon & vrtica & verbena, and all be together & be borne at the necke & under the feete & be there the herb of 7 knotts & of 7 leaues z martagon & lilium domesticum & siluestre, that is tame and wild & herba angelica who euer hath these under the feete or sitteth about & putteth the other herbs to the necke & hath 7 rings of 7 mettalls in the fingers, know he that he shall haue might in binding & in loosinge, & in enchantinge & in unenchantinge, & for to do good & euill in eich place that thou wilt makeinge suffumigation of these 9 things. thur, albo, thymiamate, mastice, musco, ligno alöes [aloes], cassia, cinamomo. And if thou suffume thee with the things aboue said in environ & seist these names. Raphial [*Raphael], Gabriel, Michael, Cherubin, Seraphin, arrielim, pantaseron, micraton, sandalon, complete meam petitionem & meam voluntatem that is to say, fullfill ye my petition or axing & my will & they should fullfill it to thee. And these be the more names of the more 9 angells abouesaid. And know thou them & keepe them. And som~en sayn that they be the 9 orders of angells.

Heere endeth the 24 reasons upon the vertues of herbs of the [138v] second wing. And these experiments were now written in party in Raziele, although Salomon put to of this there, & of the Saiues of Hermetis. And the herbs be put in the booke of Razielis for that with them we may be excused & worke with herbs as with Sem~ with fasting & words in good & euill. And [let] no man Joyne himself to Semiforas till he know himself in the first wing & in the second. And thus we shall say all thing that shall be to us necessary with the help of god.

De tertia Ala. [The third wing.]

Dixit Salomon super Alam tertiam sicut Corpus Solis &c. Salomon said upon the third wing as the body of the Sunne is more appearing & mighty upon all other bodies & brighter, & fairer & clearer. So the vertues of sensible beasts wch feeleth [K: flyeth] and sendeth out voice, & seeth. And so beasts of the third wing haue power upon the twey first wings of stones & of herbs & he put therefore in this Raziel 24 beasts with their names, & vertues & states. And the figures be 24 distincte & departed a twyne. And I will put upon eich element 6 beasts euerich distinct from other & euerich of his kynde. And as the fier is the high lord & distinct from the 4 Elements. And the life of them all is purer and cleaner among them, therefore I beginne to say upon the beasts of fire, for as eich of the 4 Elements hath his beast beneath, so the fire hath his aboue pure & cleane without corruption. And this fier that is aboue is not expounded of wexe & trees neither oyle, neither with other composition, but it is simple. And the things that liueth in it be the angels cleare & clean & bright like to the beames of the Sunne & like to the flame of the fire, or of a sparck of fire, or of a starre or of the Colour of Quickesiluer or of pure gold. And this similitude is naturall in the beasts of the fire, & the figures of them bene seeme such as the lighteninge in similitude & in deed. For as an Orison is a Messager to the Creator, so they be ready anon to good & euill & they seyn like things of prophetes that upon the 4 Elements be heauens with their beasts of which wee should say furthermore.

The second spirit is much cleane, but derker then the ou~ & it is likened to the winde. And his figure after that he will take & after some of the 4 Elements to which he is ioyned, & he formeth himselfe in this manner either by water or by a cloude or by moystnes or by thicknes of some darkenes or he receaueth some body as fume of some kynde by falling in it either by vois or by sleep [K: shape] of a beast elemented by these he taketh forme after that the nature aboue disposeth.

The third beast of which wisemen seyne is that euermore he fellowshippeth [139r] spirit & most the corpulent & thicke of the spirit. And therefore his figure is found by night in places of drede & it is heard & seene & that ofte tyme. And the Colour of it is like to tp~i z after the nature of houre, ere it is made, otherwhile to the similitude of the body of which it went out. Wherefore sommen seeth otherwhile the soules of bodies in church yards hayes. And of these souls said the wise Hermes & the prophet that the soule that goeth out & hath might is not neither was but a man or woman, & upon such manner soules speaketh wisemen & clepest them spirituall & heauenly, spirituall for goodnes, heauenly for simplenes.

The fourth beast is the winde. Eich day we hearen but we seen not although we seen other, & hearen not. And the works of the winde be seene to the eye after the party from which it cometh. And he hath such nature that if he is orientall or meridionall, that is East or South, he is hote. And if he is occidentall or septentrionall that is West or north he is cold. This we seene to haue greate power for it beareth clouds & waters, & tempests & haules [K: gayles]. And it stirreth the Sea, & troubleth the Sea & breaketh trees, & this is said quicke ayer, as the fire aboue is said quicke fire & simple. And therefore the Elements be said double or twey fold, that is to say fixe & moveable. Moueable it is that it dwelleth in the corners of the Earth althoug it descend from aboue. ffor the 7 aboue bindeth & looseth it for of them it descendeth & it was formed of them & this is a great saeg' [? K: figure] in sea, in ayre, & in land as it cometh temperate.

The 5 beast or vision is a fantasie that is a shade to the similitude of diuers colours or manners compownd of diuerse together. And this forme is made in desert place or in a corrupt ayre. Or other while it descendeth from hills to the similitude or likenes of knights & they be sayd Exercitus antiquus that is an olde ofte [*host or army]. And otherwhile upon waters to the similitude of faire women & well clothed, or in meades, & some sayne that they be faces. And otherwhile this befalleth in a man of corruption or malice of complexions & of humours that be in a man, & they be said demonaici for that it ascendeth the head & falleth upon the eyne, & such corruption maketh to see many fantasies.

The 6 beast is said Demon. This descendeth in highnes to lownes & he was formed of pure matter without corruption. Wherefore he faileth not but shall euermore endure although he haue taken thicknes in darknes of the lownesse of the Earth & he is pure in matter and strong in body. And of this saith the wiseman that he knoweth all things that is. And by him Philosophers haue answeres & wisemen of all things, of which they will know the sothnes. And he dwelleth euermore in darkenesse & in obscurity & he is neuer seuered from them. And of this sayth the Prophet that he hath power of takeing forme or shape wch he woll in the Earth after the will of the Creator. And he is said a bright angell mighty & faire as the forme of the sonne & of the moone & of a starre or of an angell or of a cloud or of a fowle or of a fish or of a man, or of a beast or of a reptile that is a creepeing beast or any other forme which he wold. And all these aboue said without them know thou that they be impalpable, or unable to be feled that is that they may not be taken with hand neither be touched with fote for they be spiritts or windes. [139v] And know thou that euerich of the abouesaid when it befalleth in any of the Elements he taketh a body of them although the life of them be of the fire & the dwelling of them be in the fire & their deeds fuyry, for they be fuyry. And Raziel said upon these 6 that invocation of them & appearing & constrayning & binding & loosing also to do good or euill by them, All is made with cleanesse [therefore] who that would clepe them or haue the seruice of them & with Orison and fasting & fumigation, & with praysing of god as thou shalt here furthermore.

Animalia æris tertiæ alæ vocantur aues &c. Beasts of the ayre of the third wing be cleped souls, for that they flyeth & they be of 4 menynge. One is said runnyng. Another flying, & swimminge & going or creeping. Now say we of flying. And begynne we first of Aquila that is an Egle [eagle], for that he is a fowle flyinge much in height. And he hath Lordship upon all other fowles. The Eagle hath such a nature that he taketh his sonns or birds when they be little. And ascendeth them into a place when the Sunne is high. And then he drepeth the face of them to the Sunne & if they behold strongly the Sunn he deemeth them to be his sons & good. And if they behold not, he deemeth to be not his and euill & letteth them fall & dye. And a feather of him freteth another fether. And he seeth farre by one league or mile a little beast. A great beast sothly he seeth by 9 leagues or by a days Journey. The eye of him with the heart haue great vertue & grace to a lord king or to a lord of a land, for that giueth to him grace in his reame.

The second fowle is said Vultur that is a Vowter [vulture]. This hath great vertue in all his members. The head of him helpeth against all dreames & against craft of Magicke. And the feete helpe against malefetes. And if an house be suffumed with 9 fethers of him it putteth out from it euill spiritts. The gall of him helpeth the eyne better then any thing of the world. Th' eyen of him put in the skinne of a serpent, & the tong of him in a cloth of silke red wlapped [sic wrapped] with them, helpeth in causes in which thou couitest to ouercome & for to wynne the loue of another lord. The wings of him put upon a bed defendeth a man sleeping from euill winds & from all greevance & from euill spiritts, neither may they may lett in all the house, neither any fantasies haue power nether other things.

The third fowle is Falco, that is a Falcon of whom the vertue is that of great Lords he is sett att much price. The boon of the highnes of the right wing ouercometh plees both in rauishing and in takeing away alien thing. and the heighnes of the left wing taketh away euill feuers. But we ought not to slea venatiue foules neither [140r] hounds although they haue many vertues in themselues. And know thou that how many members be in euery beast, foule, fish or reptile, so many vertues distincte hath euery member by himself.

The 4 foule is a turtur1 simple & good. netheles if thou takest the male & the female together in a new potte with croco & provinca & cicorea gathered together upon them which thou wolt ioyne together if thou casteth the pouder of these upon them know thou that anon they shall be ioyned together. And it giueth great loue [love] to him that beareth the pouders with them.

1. Turtur: turtledove.

The 5 foule is said Vpupa, that is a lapwing haueing a creast of fethers in the head as a cocke. And he hath many vertues. This hath one boon in his wings & it gathereth together deuills & spiritts of the ayer. The property of him is that who euer taketh the hearte of him & wlappeth [wrappeth] it in hony, And then assoone as he may swallow it, & drinketh the milke of a white or red or a black cowe, know thou that it maketh a man to say things to come. And he hath another vertue for who yt cutteth of the necke where a cocke croweth not neither may be heard, neither the voice of an hound, neither [where] wheate is sowen there & when he cutteth of his necke inclepe the deuills & then bear he with him the halfen deale of the blood. And of that other halfen deale anoynt he himselfe, euermore shall go with him one of the deuills that is to witte, he whom he can inclepe which shall say many things to him.

The 6 foule is said Ciconia1 that is an haysoule, who that sleath him in the day of Lune & taketh the blood of the heart of him & anoynteth himself with it & eateth the flesh with se~re feni~l & with cardamomo & gariofilo, & ere he eate it suffume he himself with good odours as with thure mastic & cinamom & other such know thou yt he shall haue grace of enchanting which he wolle & of coniuring & constrayning the spiritts of the ayer & other spiritts that goe upon riuers & wells.

1. Crane or stork.

These 6 foules abouesaid be an ensample upon all other. And when thou wilt know the vertue of any foule, do thou after the precept of this booke, Raziel, upon the booke of visions of Angells upon the begininge of tymes in the 12 months as thou shalt see furthermore.

Dicamus de piscibus marinus & aliis &c. Say we of fishes of the sea & other upon vi of them that is to witt of the more & middle that I should shew the vertues of them.

The first fish is Balena [whale], the fattnes of which made liquid kept 7 yeares or more, for how much it is elder so much it is better. It healeth a man from eich gout & euill wind if he anoynt himself with it, if he anoynt the head with the blood of him it helpeth him much & yeeldeth him strong & more hoole. And it maketh to see verrt visions. The sperma of him is said Ambra. If thou suffumest tombes with this it gathereth the spiritts aboue downward. And of eich petition or axinge it maketh to giue answer. And Hermes said there is not such suffumigacions for to inclepe Spirits as Ambra & lignum aloes, costus, mustus, crocus & bloud of a lapwinge with thimiamate.1 These be meate & drinke & gladnes of spirits of the ayre. And these gathereth them together strongly & full sone. And wise men say that the sperme & blood [140v] & the heart of a baleyne be principalls for to command the winds & spiritts who that maketh fumigations of them.

1. Agrippa quotes this in OP1.43.

The second fish is said Delphin [dolphin]. And he is the knight of the sea. And as the Eagle hath might among foules, & the lion among beast in this manner hath the delphin in the Sea. Who that annoynteth of the bloode of him, the cloathes of twey freinds it maketh them enemyes or casteth the dry blood upon them. And who that beareth the heart of him maketh him hardy.

The third fish is Cancer. this hath 6 feet, take & brenne him in panno livido & with the powders frote the teeth sofhlie it healeth them & yeeldeth them faire & cureth the Cancre in the mouth, if thou casteth it upon the fire wth somewhat of Stercosis humani combusti it gathereth together spirits.

The 4 fish is bright as an horne betwixt palenesse & whitenesse z piscis claudims or Cepia. This fish hath many properties, & this enchanters & prophetts knoweth well which made with this their enchantments & their transfigurations. So that when they would that an house should seeme full of water, or that a riuer should enter by the gate, they tooke this fish & with thimiamati & ligno aloes & rosis & they fumiden an house & they cast there of the water of the Sea. And it seemed that the house were filled with water, & if he cast their blood it seemed bloud, & so if he cast Snow. And when they would that the earth should seme to quake then they cast there of the Earth of a plow. And they made there diuerse similitudes in all things after the thing which they put in the fumigation. And know thou that it dureth so much as the fumigacion in the house, & with the gall of him also they made many enchantments, for that this beast is much unlike to other.

The 5 fish is Murena [eel], & he is lentiguromus (?) the vertue of this is that enchanters beareth the powder of him with them for to make enchantments.

The 6 fish is rana viridis, & if thou take it upon what woman thou wilt and namest the names of the angels of the month in which thou were [K adds: borne as I thinke] which be furthermore within in libro visionum you might do good & euill of what woman you wilt.

And know thou yt if these fishes & all other thou may know the vertues & properties all by the booke of visuions of moneths. And so understand you by like thing in all other things.

Primum animal est Leo. Ista bestia est valde fortis & The first beast is a Lyon [lion]. This beast is full strong in the breast & in the cheekes & he is of strong beholding or lookeing so that when other beasts seeth him they be moued togither with dread. And the skyne of him is of such vertue that if it be put with other skynes it destroyeth them & maketh [them] bare. & who that taketh the biting toothe of him that is cleped dens caninus & putteth it in gold it is good to take away & to take alien things. And the same doth a woolues [141r] tooth. & if thou maketh a purse of the heart of a lion full of blood musco & almea, & ligno aloes & thimiamate, & it were gadered upon whom thou wilt & thou maketh hote, know thou that in that houre he shall love thee much & doe thy bidding. And if thou inclepest with the blood of a goat the prince of deuills he shall be ready anon to do thy maundement. And so more kinga or he for whom thou dost. And the same I say of great women.

The second beast is Elephans that is an Elephant & he is full great & when he is risen of herd he lieth, & when he falleth of herd he riseth for that therto he hath not knees disposed well. And the boone of the teeth of him is said Ebur that is Evory [ivory]. And if it be put in lectuaries it comforteth the feeblenes of the heart as much as margarita or more. And the bloud of him with the liver comforteth much fasting.

The third beast is Ceruus that is an heart [hart] which liueth much, for that he reneweth as the moone or an Egle. Who that maketh suffumigacion of the hornes is chaseth away serpents, & by it self it chaseth away deuills.

The 4 beast is Catus, that is a Catt, & he seeth better by night then by day, & who that taketh of him & of an yrchin & of a reremouse & maketh of alcofol & alcofolizeth his eyne he seeth well by night & by day. And if thou puttest <--25v--> there the eyne of an asse thou might see whether the spiritts & deuills of the ayre go in.

The 5 beast is mustela, that is a wesill, this bringeth forth her issue at her moneth after Poets not after Philosophers. This helpeth much when he is brent, & the skinne of him is written for to cause loue betwixt tweyne.

The 6 beast is Talpa1 that is a wandwarp & dwelleth under the Earth & is likened to a mouse, with this beast thou may make to come tempests, pestilences, haules, & lightnings & comstacions & many euill things, if thou puttest him bare & naked upon the Earth & ouerturned, And with this thou may make discord & concord whom thou wilt, for he is a cursed beast for that he healeth a man of the fester when he is brent [burnt] & the powder ia incast.

1. Mole.

And when thou wilt know the vertue of other beasts, do as it is said in libro visionum, upon which aske thou this of the lord of vision that is yt it appeare to the that thou askest, & couetest to know of a beast which thou wilt. This beast seeth not neither hath eyn. And know thou that the vision of months is upon all things that thou askest or would knowe. And God shallbe wth thee if of right thou axe. And know thou that heere is fulfilled the third wing. And now beginn we the fourth which is complement & fullfilling upon all the Elements.

[De quarta ala. The fourth wing.]

Dixit Salomon sicut corpus vivum &c. Salomon said as a quicke body middle or great is not moued with three feete neither any foule lesse then with 2 wings, neither the world [141v] is gouerned lesse then with 4 elements. So this booke may not neither ought to be lesse then with 4 wings which be said 4 vertues. Wherefore Raziel said that who that shall be filled with this booke shall be as one of the prophets & he shall understand all vertues of things & powers of them. And if he understandeth well he shall be a quicke spirit & if he with holdeth (?) & worketh he shall be as an Angell. And therefore he put in this book 22 Elements of great vertue that is 22 letters or figures which the sons of Adae that is of Adam mought not excuse.

1. The first is Aleph à, that is A. This letter is three cornered & it signifieth life power & highnes & the principle or beginninge in all things. These putteth all things in their figures & in their principles.

2. The 2 is said beth á, that is B, & it is full good in things which we desire in battayle & in plee, & euermore sheweth goodnes & profitt.

3. The third is said gimel â, that is g. And it sheweth euill & greif & impediment in things.

4. The 4th is said deleth ã, that is d. this sheweth turbation & death of some man & harme to him.

5. The 5 is said he ä, that is h, & it sheweth price & honour & gladnes & it is full good in all thing.

6. The 6 is said vau å, that is v, & it sheweth death, paine, & trauaile.

7. The 7 is said Zain æ, that is Z, & it sheweth penys & riches.

8. The 8 is said heth ç, that is h, & it signifieth long life & health.

9. The 9 is said thes [Teth] è that is t, & it signifieth wrath woodnes & greif.

10. The 10 is said Joth [Yod] é, that is i, & it signifieth good life & gladnes & all good beginninge.

11. The 11 is said Caph ë, it sheweth in very gladnes & trauaile without profit.

12. The 12 is said Lameth ì & it sheweth gladnes & honour & profit.

13. The 13 is said mem î, that is m, & it sheweth greife & otherwhile dolor.

14. The 14 is said num [Nun] ð, that is n. It signifieth restoring of a freind & a visitation of him & profitt.

[15. The 15 is said Samech ñ...]1

1. Omitted.

16. The 16 is said ayn ò. It sheweth occasion or euill of a woman.

17. The 17 is said pe ô. It sheweth health.

18. The 18 is said fee ô that is f. & it sheweth bloud yshed [is shed] of good men & high.

19. The 19 is said Saday ö. It sheweth health.

20. The 20 is said Coph ÷ It sheweth hid life.

21. The 21 is said Res ø, that is r & it sheweth a man that is fallen & is risen.

22. The 22 is said Thau ú, that is c. it sheweth greife & diminution.1

1. Note there are two forms of Pe, and the Shin is missing.

Now we haue said of the 4 wings upon the 22 letters that be upon the lawes of the table written. And know thou that there be no moe but onely 22 letters which be the roote of Sem~ [Semiforas], for with them it is formed & it is caused & is made & with out them it may not be. And some men seyne that Camalio found them, but it is not soth, but the Angell Raziell gaue them written to Adam in his booke that is said liber ignis. And with them all the booke of Sem~ written. And know eich man that readeth this booke that the Creator said to Raziel the names of Sem~ wherefore if thou canst transpose these 22 letters or figures as it beseemeth thou shalt attayne the great name of the Creator. And with it thou might do what thou wilt euermore with cleanes & with helpe of the Creator. Now we haue fulfilled this booke of the wing like to the angells that is Panthaseron Micracon Sandalon, for euerych of these hath 4 wings by mandement of the benigne angell, which the Creator sent to me that this book were better compounded & well ordeyned.

Heere endeth the second booke & beginneth the iii book of Thymiamatibus.


Liber tertius.

Dixit Angelus adæ fac thymiamata &c. The Angell said to Adam make thymiamata. Thimiamata be confections of good odours wth which thou shalt suffume & thou shalt please to Creacion & thou shalt attayne to what thou wilt by this. And they of which they be made be preciouse things which thou shalt find out of good odour & of good nature & of cleane things. And when thou shalt do it be thou cleane of without all filth. And then the Angell rested in that houre. And Adam remayned & did that he might. And this Salomon expounded & said, I marvaile why this is the booke of Moysy, also for the Creator said to Moysy make thou Thymiamata & suffume thou in the hille1 when thou wilt speake with me. Wherefore Salomon said, that suffumigacions & sacrifice, & unction maketh to be opened the gates of the ayre & of the fire & the gates of all other heauens. And by suffumigacions a man may see heauenly things & priuities of the Creator. And eich man know that they thirleth [drill] the Earth, water, & the lownesses. And Salomon said as there be 7 heauens, & 7 starres, & 7 dayes in the weeke, of which euerich is distinct & is not likened to his euen. So know thou eich man that there be 7 suffumigations which wthholdeth wth them the vertue of the 7 starrs, & maketh apaid [K: glad] the spirits of the ayre And the Angells of heauens & deuills, of angells of the world. And therefore for a man yeldeth to them it that is theirs. Therefore they be pleased & apaide for the words which thou sayst, when thou prayest or sayst the names of them or the names of the Creator. And for this that thou dost when thou washest thee & for the gift that thou giuest to them when thou suffumest. And these things yeldeth them earthly & appearing to thee. And the spirituall & invisible that is that neither euill men, neither beasts mought see thee if thou dost strongly about thee & about whom thou dost.

1. The hill: Mt. Sinai.

Thymiamata is made of many things & these be principall upon the 7 dayes of the weeke. And first say we [of] thymiamata of the Saturday for the starre of him is higher & the Angell of him is mighty in the Earth.

The first Thymiama [sic] of the Saturday ought to be of all good things & well smelling rootes as is Costus & herba thuris. And that is Thymiama of good. And so I shall shew of all other as it beseemeth to good. And thymiama to other I shall say in an other place.

Thymiama of the Sunday is thure, mastix, muscus & other such. And all other good gummes & of good odor in all good. And by the contrary in euill.

Thymiama of the Munday is folium mirti, & lauri & leaues of good odor, & so understand thou in his contrary.

Thymiama of the Tuesday is Sandalus rubeus, niger & albus, & all such trees & eich tree of aloes & cipresse, & so understand thou of eich tree.

Thymiama of the Wednesday is made of all ryndes [*woods] as Cinamomo, cassia lignea & cortices [citri et] lauri & macis & so understand thou in other.

Thymiama of the Thursday is nux muscata, [ut] gariofili & citruli & the rynd of arangiarum siccarx & pulverizatarum that is the rynde of orenges dry &d pouderd & all other fruits of good odors.

Thymiamana [sic] of the Friday is maus [*flores] rosa viole & crocus and all other flowers of good odor.2

2. OP1.44: To Saturn are appropriated for fumes all odoriferous roots, as pepperwort root, etc. and the frankincense tree; to Jupiter, odoriferous fruits as nutmeg, cloves; to Mars all odoriferous wood as sandalwood, cypress, lignum-balsam, and lignum-aloes; to the Sun, all gums, as frankincense, mastic, benjamin, storax, labdanum [i.e. Cistus], ambergris, and Musk; to Venus, flowers as roses, violets, saffron, and such like; to Mercury all peels of wood and fruit, as cinnamon, lignum cassia, mace, citron peel [i.e. lemon peel], and bayberries, and whatsoever seeds are odoriferous; to the Moon the leaves of all vegetables, as the leaf indum, the leaves of the myrtle, and bay-tree.

And in the contrary to the contrary put you all thymiamata stincking. And know thou that eich thymiama of good odor gathereth together his spirits after that is his nature & his colour & his strength. Thus I say for good, good, for better, better.

And Hermes said of thymiamatibus that thymiama Lune is cinamonum & lignum aloes & mastix & crocus & costus & macis & et mirtus. Wee putteth this that eich of the Planetts haue a part in it & all this may be Luna, good & well fortunate by good spices & sharpe.3

3. OP1.44: But Hermes describes the most powerful fume to be, viz. that which is compounded of the seven aromatics, according to the powers of the seven planets, for it receives from Saturn, pepperwort; from Jupiter, nutmeg; from Mars, lignum-aloes; from the Sun, mastic; from Venus, saffron; from Mercury, cinnamon; and from the Moon, the myrtle.


Although Salomon made distinction upon the days & planets of the spices with the which a man ought to make thymiamata. And he said that of Saturni is eich good roote in good, euill in euill. And of Jouis all fruite, & of Martis eich tree, & of Solis eich gumme. & of Veneris eich flower. And of Mercurii each rinde, & of Lune eich leafe. And thus understand you in all other. & eich odorifr herbe is of Veneris. And Raziel bade to Adam that he should make good thymiamata & therefore Hermes understood that eich thymiama is made of all good things, As of roote, tree, rinde, leafe, flower, fruite & gumm. And yett seeds be put in it, as bacre & cardamonum & wexe & put thou in it all good thing & preciouse. And sythen he said Thymiama completum.

And the 24 (?) is some thymiama grecum or of greekes by which heathen men were wont to suffume idols & yet to day churches & aulers [K: altars] be suffumed, And it is said Thymiama Jouis & in sothnes who that useth these thymiamatibus be he cleane & chast & of all good will to the Creator he shall profitt.

Dixit Salomon super suffumigia hermetis quod dur &c. Salomon said upon the suffumigations of Hermetis which be said beneth & they be 7 manners with which be made sacrifices. Some be made & the first which giueth fastesth & giueth teithings to the Creator, & therefore they trust that they attayne that they desire & it is sothe.

The second is that they washen themself & clenseth & dwelleth cleane. And therefore they trow to attayn their petition & asking & it is sothe.

The 3 is that they do almes for god & for the holy angells of him.

The 4 is that they sleeth & casteth the blood in the fire.

The 5 is that they sleeth & brenneth all.

The 6 is that they pray much in houers ordayned 7 tymes in the day, & 3 in the night.

The 7 is to make fumigation with good things & well smellinge & euerych of these did this that he might attayne the sothnes of it that he axed & [so] he attayned it by the mandement of the Creator.

And know thou that fumigacion ouercometh in all. Sothely who that suffumeth better to the eye it proneth [? K: proveth] & with this the wise man excuseth all other. And wite thou that who that can well know the natures of fumigacions he migh neigh to thilke spirits wch he would inclepe after the nature of fumigacions. And euermore consider thou the nature of the spirit & of the fumigacion & the spirits be constrayned by their contrary & be comforted by like things. Wherefore it is to witt that as a wise leche in giueing a medicine to a sick man remoueth the sickenes & in ledeth health. So fumigacion remoueth the contrary from the place if it be good. And with euill fumigacion be remoued good spirits & euill spirits also dreadeth for eich thing more loueth health then sicknes. And therefore it is said that Sulphur remoueth both good spirits & euill. And this is probation & pref [profit] after one way. And there [is] another way for lignum aloes gathereth together the spirits of ligni aloes & none other. And Sulphur chaseth them [143r] away & this is very reason. And then I say that Sulphur gathereth together his proper spirits & none other & they be full stronge & penetrate & thicke & be not seuerd or departed so soone from a place. But and if a place were suffumed with Sulphur & then were washen with water & suffumed wth ligno aloes, it doth draw away the spirits of Sulphur & induceth or inledeth his owne.

And know thou that the spirit of Azet that is quickesilver & the spirit of Thuris be contrary although spirits yet with all the deuills entreth & thirleth rather then the spirit of Thuris wherefore euerich hath full great might. And if thou wilt out draw the spirits, yet suffume thou with thur & they shall go out. And so understand thou of all other spirits good & euill.

And Salomon said know thou that as a phisitian putteth in a man good pure oyntments & cleane, & they thirleth the body of a man & heleth, So fumigacions thirleth the 4 Elemts & maketh to se & know heauenly things which were euermore hevenly & wch descendeth from heauens as be angells & spirits of the ayre & the souls of dead men & deuills of lownesses & winds & spelunks [i.e. caves] & of deepnesses & fantasies of desert places. Wherefore know thou that all spiritualls with right fumigacion shall obey to thee & shall come to the & they should do thy commandement.

And Hermes said that all things that was or is present or shall be knoweth that the ouer nature ioyned with the nether by ordinance of tyme & houre maketh one body & understanding & that he can understand & know thilke things wherof creatures haue to liue & themselfe to gouerne. Wherefore know thou that there be fumes that chaseth away spirits & other that sleeth [K: steyeth] them, & constreyneth [them] to come & other that quickeneth them & strengtheneth & giueth might. And so by the contrary is some that destroyeth them & taketh away their might. And this is the probacion of this for the fume of an herte chaseth them away & this he said upon serpents. And that chaseth them away is fumus am~ce [? K: amnecae] that is the fume of fecis of oyle. And that, that sleeth them is the spettell of a fasting man. And therefore he said that fumigacion is fullfilling of ayre which hath not body, nethles fume destroyeth things that haue body. And so fumigacion suffise it to us in all things beneath.

And Raziel said, know thou that as water washeth all uncleanesse And fire maketh liquid or molteth all mettalls & maketh clean & fineth. And as the ayre is the life of a liueing man & the Earth sustayneth or beareth ech body & nourisheth ech plant: So understand thou that good Thymiama z. fumigacion is fullfilling in the worke to be the invocations of spirits, & of other things & well proporcioned with which Thymiama is confect or medled. And were made in eich houre convenient or accordinge.

Dixit Salomon propter hoc pono horam & tempus &c. Salomon said for this I put the houre & the tyme in the worke ffor in all houre in which a man will speake to a king or to a prince, he may not speake to them, neither in eich houre in which [143v] a Sonne axeth any thing of the father he giueth to him.


The names of ye 7 heauens in which they be borne be these Samayn, Raquia. Sarquyn, Mahum, Maon, Zebul, Araboc. upon Samayn goeth [luna]. upon Raquia [Venus] & upon Araboc [Saturn] & so understand thou of other. The names of Angells that haue power upon the .7. starrs & goeth upon the 7. heauens & otherwhile in their chaires be these. Capziel. Satrq~el Samael. Raphael. raphael, amael. Michael. gabriel. And the power of these is yt Capziel is the power of Sabaday. Satq~el of Zedet & Samael of Madyn & raphael of hamina, Amael of Noga. Michael of Cocab. gabriel of Labana. And euerich of these sitteth in his heauen & the Meyness (?) of them all about. And they be of diuers colours. And they be of diuers colors as white blacke, red, yellow, greene, ledy, pardi viati, medled, ouergilt & of the colour of a Peacocks feather & of many other colors. These be the Angells that haue power upon the 12 months of the yeare. The names of the moneths be these, <of the year> [146r] Nysan, yar, ..................

In the 4th Affryquyn. And know thou that thou shalt name the names of the starrs & of her Angells with their names in their 4 tymes & thou shalt profit when thou shalt know anything of them.

Here beginneth the 5 booke that treateth of cleanesse.

Dixit Salomon revelatum fuit mihi de isto libro &c. Salomon said It was shewed to me of this booke of Raziel & of many angells after that I had this booke & of these wch norished powers & vertues & matter & stength of ye 7 potestates aboue & that by the mandement [mandment: commandment] & obedience of the Creator or maker of the world. And they said thus. Salomon thou hast axed witte & wisedome & fairenes & might in will complete & nempned full great for euermore upon Earths. And know thou that all kings & lesse men that should come after thee & wch should here speake of thee, shall loue thee, & worship thee & should set price of thee & shall prayse thee & keep thou this booke & worke thou with it with reuerence and cleannesse. And Salomon said to the benigne Angell Natanael, which hath might in the ayre, And this evermore was fellowshipped to Salomon. / which be thilke 7 bodies which be seene aboue bright, faire, cleane & cleare, wch ceaseth neuer to go, neither the wayes of them be void & they faileth neuer, but euermore dureth goynge their wayes. And it that taryeth more in going his way fulfilleth it in 30 yeares. And then they appeare such as they were before & which went before thus they sawe. And thus it is said that they should be how long god would. And thus I say of an 100 yeares & a 1000 that they neuer be changed neither in quantity nor in colour, nor in might nor in moveing, but we haue found them as the prophetts & other old men founden. An[d] the angell Natanael said to Salomon, the 7 bright bodies which thou seest aboue be put beneath & they in going upward holdeth in ballance or in rule the 4 elemts beneath. And therfore the moueing of them cesseth not for such might the Creator gaue to them. And know thou that the matter of them is simple & pure without corruption & euermore durable. And the state of them is likened to the Lord that formed them, although they obey to him in all things. And Natanael said to Solomon know thou that in the heauens of these 7 bright bodies be angells [152r] without number mighty in all things. And everiche of them hath his proper mighte & his strength & vertue. And they be unlike among themself as men together or other beasts. & eueriche serueth of his office to the Creator that formed them or made them. And Salomon said to Nathanael wch is the life or the might or the seruice that these angells doth. And Nathanaell said the life of them is of cleannesse of Oryson, & of trustines & the might of them is of suffumigii, holocausti & sacraficii. And the seruice of them is, that when the Creator woll they go from place to place when any cleane man hath prayed [to] the Creator as it beseemeth. And then they do good or Euill as the Creator woll for in them is power, scyence & will complete. And Salomon said which be these 7 bright bodies & how be they named. And of what things serueth euerich. And Nathanael said that same that Raziel said to Adam. The higher of these that goeth slower is said Sabaday. And all the Remes of his heauen be full of yse [ice], snow, & haile, & wrath, rancor, & coldnes, & all the Angells that be there clothed with darknes full derke & the greatnes of them be full high & full long & small & upon the Earthes & upon deuills & upon darknesses & coldnesses & dryness. And this hath power upon winds of this nature & they have power of doing good & euill & the Angell of it is Boel crowned upon all other.

In the second heauen standeth Zedet [Zedek] and all the Remes of hym.

Dixit Salomon Rex filius Regis Dauid &c. Salomon the king the Sunn of Dauid the king said, that was king of Jerusalem, of Surye & Damaske of Egypt, Lord of Babylony, Prince of Scyences, couetouse of Cleanesses, ensercher of Priuities, keeper of good true men, auvyder of leasing of poore men, of vertues desirer upon l~re vertues & spedefullnesses of words busyly thinking, & most suttily [subtily] in minde enserchinge. I have enquired & knowne that in words is power, vertue, & effect & of all humour hool [whole] & health & there may be sufficient fulfillinge. And he said I see that the most fame is of wise men & prophetes by words & bookes which they haue lest into testimony of them. And I see that the sonns of Adam, & of Hermes & of Noe & their sonns & many of other prophets haue left bookes by their death by which they should claryfy their fame, & anentes men glory should remayne. And I see that my father king David compowned or made some booke in which bee contayned all orysons which he might knowe & find, which sothely latin men that is Romayns clepeth the saut' [psalter]. Which sith it is of prayers alone & of holy names of the Creator it is named the head of Orisons. In the same booke king Dauid wrote all things what euer he might knowe of Patriarkes & old wise men to the praysing of the Creatour. I sothly king Salomon long studying in holy words [152v] which vertues & miracles I found to be, while there is fullfilled in eich working trust & will. And I saw the books in which while I studied long I know Adam & hermes & Noe & Moyses & many other most wise men, I know of great privitees & the vertues of his books.

Cum ergo veteres & antiquos Sapientes &c. When go [therefore] I understode old wise men to haue made books how or with what witt or with what art I might know the sciences of all the foresaid I enquired. And there answered some old man of good minde & understanding which was cleped Zebraymayl. And the king said Adam had a maker & Mr that is to wite or Lord maker & Gabriel to Mr. ffurthermore Hermes the discreete & most wise man & Moyses had a Mr & a freind that is to wit Crotum. Aaron sothly had a freind of which go [therefore] is made resistence that a wise man may not be without a Mr. how arrettest yu tho to [thou too] mow [may] be wise wth out Mr But that thou be wise, these I know to be necessary to thee. A wise Mr & discreete, longe, & continuall study many olde bookes of great wise men made, oft & ofter ouer red perfitt & amended, glad & continuall health of thy body, long life without cures [cares?] & trauayles quiete.

Salomon said to the wise man, is not this possible to be done by a sharter way then that thou hast said aboue. Zebraymayl answered, king, by a lighter & shorter way then this ne unknow thou not to mowe be done. To whom Salomon [said,] how therefore. To whom the wise man [replied,] open thou privily & fully the arke of the Testament noman knowing or understanding. In which all secrets or priuitees & old wisdomes & words of great power & of vertue thou shalt find. By which not only thou shalt know things a passed but those that be present and those that be to come. Salomon answered, for this that thou hast answered to me I giue thancks to that high & blessed Creator which reigneth wthout beginning & liueth without end wch after yt it pleased to him all things with word alone he formed or made & there is not any more noble or mightier then he wthout whom no vertue or power is which giueth wisedome to wise men, he is that is of all things the first, syth he is wthout beginning of all things the last, sith there is none end of him, this is of all things maker of none y made of whom the Reme or reigning is & shallbe of whom all works be good And of whom the will ouer all is free sith there is none that may againe say to him.

Salomon trowinge [153r] or trustinge to Zebraymayl made the arke of the testamony [testament] to be brought before him. And he sought all the books of Moysy & of Aaron, of Adam, & Noe, & of their sons & of hermes & of other prophets, & all other which he might find of the miracles of Words & the vertues of them. And he sought all the old idolls of heathen men & Images of divers tongs hauing writeings & all things grauen which might be founde by all parts of the world he made in his palace to be gathered together. And he brought forth Mrs of euerych of the 72 on which should expownd to him privy letters or hid y. c. in ebrue [Hebrew], Caldey, Cyriac [Syriac,] greeke written. And to him they should expowne that were hidde. And when the letters were expownded he saw the nure parte to accord with it in vertues of wordes.

Rex ergo Salomon fecit archam nocte quadam apperiri &c. Therefore [King] Salomon made the arke some night to be opened, that in the arke with reasons afterward we should be learned. Salomon said after that the soueraigne & the allmighty Creator had infused the grace of his spirit in me. I opened the arke of the Testament in which I found all things which long and studiously I had sought, Among which I found the booke which is cleped1 Raziel which the Creator sent to Adam by the angell Raziel when upon the brincks of the floud of paradise weepinge the creator he prayed & of him forgiunes of his sinnes he besought. And I found the booke which the Creator gaue to Moyses in the hill, when he made him partnes of his priuites in which 3 books, that is 3 reasons2 I found.

1. Cleped: named.

2. K: Orisons.

The first the prophets clepeth Semiphoras which the Creator gaue to Adam in paradise. The 2 booke is wch the Creator gaue to Adam in paradice in the houre of necessity or neede. The 3 is wch the Creator gaue to Moyses in the hall [sic hill] of Sinay after that he had fullfilled the fasting. & Salomon said I found in the Arke a pott full of Manna & the yard1 of Moyses wch was changed into a Serpent, & eft from a serpent into a yard. And the Tables of the Lawe & gobbetts of the first letters which Moyses wrought* for the synne of the people brake. In the ground sothly 3 of the Arke I founde some golden tables quadrate or 4 cornered in which were 15 preciouse stones 12 tribes or lynages of Israel by similitude likened, & in euerich stone were written the holy high names of the Creator of the booke Semyforas [Semiphoras] outdrawen. And I found sund (?) boxe of marble haueing greene colour as Jaspis coloured. And in this boxe were 7 figures & in eich figure 7 great & vertuous names of the Creator to Moyses told. And other 7 which the Creator taught Adam in paradise. And this is a secret or privity wch much leyned (? K: leaned) & couered ought worlly [K: worshipfully] to be kept. I founde also about the extremities of the Arke 24 rings with names & figures of the Creator written Semiforas with diuers colours written or figured. I my self Salomon haue minde [153v] to haue had one of thilke rings in which I know to haue found such vertue when I said make to rayne, it reigned, whan I said est of thou hast made to rayne, so make thilke rayne to cease, it ceased. And beside Jerusalem the same reme aswell of tempests as of raynes it did or made. And Salomon said I found Semoforas with wch Moyses made the plagues in Egypt with wch he dryed the red Sea, wth wch he drew out water of the stone, wth wch he knew all the cleanesses of his people with which he ouercame princes & kings & mighty men wth wch what euer he would do he did. And that he wold destroy he destroyed, wth wch what euer els good or of euil he would he fullfilled at his owne will.

1. yard: staff.

*. In margin: wroth.

3. sothly: truly.

Capitulum Explanationis istius nominis Semoforas &c The Capliter [chapter] of Explanation of this name Semiforum &c. it is that angells & deuells & windes & men as well quicke as dead. And all spiritts & all bodies dredeth Semiforas sothly is said the first secret or priuily, & great old & muchy leyned & hid of great vertue & power to gett what euer he woud. Semiforas is a word which ought not to be shewed to all men meither by hit but with great necessity or anguish ought any man to worke. And then with dread of the Creator he ought cleanly & meekely & deuoutly to name it.Also Semiforas is roote & begining & fundament of Orison, ensample of good life, trust of mans body the Orison or prayer of a iust man the Creator dreadinge. Salomon said aboue Sem~ [Semiforas] these be necessary wth meeknes fastinge, wth Orison, trust, wth charity, cleanesse with patience meekenes & constance of a man wth not wch you might worke nothing with wch what euer thou wolt thou shalt get when all vertues in workinge by Sem~ ought to be, netheles these 7 that in meekenes truelly, pacience abstinence, trust, charity, mercy ought in him principally to be had or to abounde.

Si ergo per Sem~ operaris volumus vz quod sumus &c. If go [therefore] wee wod worke by Sem~ It behoueth that we be bright or cleane of body & in trust stedfast & from falsnes & leasing1 fully departed. It behoueth also to dread the Creator & the creatures of him. Among wch we ought to dread most the Sunne wch giueth to us [154r] light & derknes cold & heat wch is cause of changing of tymes & of temperance of the ayre & of herbs. We ought also to know the beholdinge (?) of the mone & the month wch 5 by hit 12 & 5, 13 be accompted as is said Nyssan yar tina~ &c.2 And we ought to know the waxeing & decreasinge of the moone when by it all creatures as the Sea, floudes & wells, & all the neather bodies waxinge & decreasing taken & bloode in the veynes & marrow in the head & in the bones after that the moone taketh waxeinge & decreasing they be norished in thilke also fusion and [in marg: Mercury] or molting of mettalls ne doubt thou not the vertue of the moone to worke. We ought also to know Sabaday i. Saturnum, by whom hunger & derth & all anguish in londs befalleth. We ought also to know & dread Zedet [Zedek] i. Jouem [Jupiter], by whom honour & health, & righteousnes & all good is had. We should also know & dread Madyn i. Martem [Mars], of whom colours & strifes & hate & battayles & leasing & all euills cometh. We ought also to know & dread hamina i. Solem [the Sun], by whom we haue light and darknes clearnes, by whom tymes as euill unto good & good into euill be transmuted or chaunged. We ought also to know & dread Nogam i. Venerem [Venus], by whom we haue meat & drinke & all necessarys or things that be needfull, by whom peace & loue & dilection among men is made fast & stable. We ought also to know & dread Cocab i. Mercur [Mercury], for he is nigher to us than all untake the Moone by whom merchandiss & vendisions or sellings & all secular things be exercised. Therefore behold you tho that be said & most the Spirits aboue said & thus thou shalt profitt & what euer thou shalt axe of the Creator rightfully thou shalt haue.

1. leasing: lying.

2. Hebrew month names are Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, Elul, Tishri, Cheshvan, Kislev, Tevet,Shvat, and Adar.

Heere beginneth the 6. booke that treateth of the names of heauens.

dixit Salomon omnes co[mmun]iter horas & malas &c.
Salomon said all men commonly good houres & euill & good dayes & euill good signes & euill to be they affirmeth & this with many reasons they confirmeth. And I my self Salomon, haue proued the dayes & houres of Madyn [Mars] & Sabaday [Saturn] which I foiund full grevouse for to worke. I haue proued also the hours of Zedet & Noga. And I saw that what euer I would worke of them lightlie I wrought. The hours of Cocab & Labana otherwhile be greuous otherwhile good I haue proued to be. And I saw that in the day & in the houre co~ia, nothing of my will I might fullfill. And know that the spirits aboue said anentis diuers men diuersly be named. Ffor the first in Ebrue, Sabaday in arabicke Zoal, in greeke or grice fenes, in Latin Saturnus is cleped or nempned. I say therefore that the first houre of the day of Sabaday, is said Sabaday. the 2 Zedet, the 3 Madyn, the 4 hamina, the 5 Noga, the 6 Cocab, the 7 Labana & the hiures of the night ought to be named to thee. And know thou that by the starrs abousaid & dayes & houres [154v] what euer thou wilt thou shalt understand & thou shalt know the hid & privie wills of men.

Cumque per Semofor operaris voluent &c. When he would worke by Semiforum first ere he beginn any thinge it behoueth him to name the 7 names of angells, for some angells be upon the 7 heauens. And upon the 7 planets & upon the 7 days of the weeke & upon the 7 mettalls & upon the 7 colours. And upon the 7 words haueinge power. The names of which be these Raphael, gabriel, Samael, Michael, Saq'el, Anael, Capciel. And these be ordeyned after that we ought to name & to in clepe them in the 7 dayes early in this maner.

Nota Orationem.

O Angeli Supradictis sitis meæ quonis quam volo querere auditores & mihi in omnibus auditores. that is to say.

O the angells aboue said, be ye the hearers of my question or axing which I will enquire or axe & to me in all things helpers.

Thilke sothly wch we ought to name upon the 7 heauens & upon the 7 planets be these. Capciel, Sacq'el, Samael, raphael, anael, Michael, gabriel. And in all things in clepinge these angells thou shalt profitt. When go [therefore] there be 7 heauens that is to witt, Samaym, raaq'n, Saaquin, Maon, Mahon, Zebul, Araboch. And there be 4 parts of the world that is East, West, North & South, which angells in euerich heuen & which in what part serueth say wee.

These be the Angells of the first heauen.

In primo celo, qd vocatur Samaym in 4 partibus &c. In the first heauen that is cleped Samaym in the 4 parts of heaven serueth these. Ffrom the party of the North, Elael, hyaeyel, vralbun, veallum, ballyel, basy, unascayel. From the party of the South be these: duramyel, darbyel, darquyel, hamum, anael, nayymel, alscini, solquiel, zamel, hu Bayel, bactanael, carpaliel. From the party of the East be these, Gabriel, gabrael, odrael, modyel, Raamyel, Janael. From the party of the West be these, abson, soquyel.

Angells of the 2 heauen.

In 2o celo quod vocatur Roaqmya A parte Septentrionis &c. In the second heauen that is cleped Roaqmya, ffrom the partie of the North serueth these Angells. tyel, Jarael, Yenael, Nenael, Nelel, quyan, vefamiel. from the partie of the South be these milba, nelya, balyer, calloyel, Lyoly, batriel. from the partie of the East be these, maachyn. another lre~ hath Cacmyel, Carioyel, betabaat. from the partie of the West is An~ulus yesaraxye [Yesararye?]. in wch is written the name of mycaceton in many manners expounded.


Angells of the 3 heauen.

In 3o Cælo quod vocatur Saaquin a parte Septentrionis &c. In the third heauen that is cleped Saaquin. from the part of the North serueth these. Ponyel, penael, penat, raphael, carynel, dorannel. from the part of the South be these Parna, Sadyel, Lyenyel, uastanyel, sanael, Samyel. from the part of the East be these Satquel, quasiddu, Taranyel, taryescorat, amael, hufabria. Another lre~ hath here last hyfaliel.

Angells of the 4th heauen.

In 4to Celo quod dicitur Maon seruiunt isti A parte Septentionis &c. In the 4th heauen that is said Maon serueth these ffrom the party of the North Rahumyel, hayuynyel, bacyel, serapyel, Matyel, Serael. In the part of the South be these Saoryel [Sacryel?], Mahanyel, gadiel, hosael, vaamyel, verascyel. In the part of the East be these Capyel, bralyel, braalyel, raguel, gael, demael, calcas, Atragon. in the part of the West be these. Lacana, astagna, rebquin [? K: nobquin], Sonitas, Yael, Yas, Yaeb, Lael, Yyel.

Angells of the 5 heauen.

In 5o Cælo istis sunt quod dicitur Mahon. [In the fifth heaven, that is said Mahon serveth these:] In the part of the north serueth these. hayel, hanyel, veal, quyel, margabyel, Saeprel, manyel. In the part of the East be these Lanyfiel. Another lre~ hath barquiel, raquiel, Samyfiel, roaziel, acel, farbieel, vranacha. In the part of the west be these Anhael, pabliel, Velael, bortacz, Sa [In marg: **esicit copia] Suncacer, rupa, taly, paly.

Angells of the 6 heauen.

In 6 Cælo quod vocatur Cebul dices a parte 7tentrionis &c. In the 6 heauen that is called Cebul. thou shalt say ffrom the North part Est deus fortis & potens siue fine that is to say God is mighty & strong without end. ffrom the part of the South thou shalt say Deus sanctus paciens & misericors, that is to say, God holy, pacient, & mercyfull. from the part of the East thou shalt say Deus magne excelse & honorate per sec'lam, that is to say Great God high & worshipped by worlds. ffrom the part of the west thou shalt say Deus sapiens clare & iuste, Deus tuam clementiam & sanctitatem exoro quod questionem meam & opus meum & laborem meum hodie complete & integre perficere digneris qui vivis & regnas deus per v. s. b. Amen. id Est God wise cleare & rightuouse god thy meeknes & thy holynes I beseech that my question & my worke & my trauell do dayly fully & holy thou vouchsafe to fulfill that liuest & raignest god by all worlds of worlds so mote it be.


Angells 7 Celis.

In 7 Cælo est Semoforas scriptum in lib. vitæ &c. In the 7 heauen is Semoforas written in the booke of life. In the name of the meeke & mercifull god of Israel & of paradise & of heauen & of Earth & of the seas & of hills & of all creatures.

finis 6i lib.

Here beginneth the 7th booke that treateth of names & of the vertues of them.

Incipiunt lre~ [=litterae] & verba & nomina Semoforum q~ [quem] Deus &c. Here beginneth the l~res [letters] & words & names of Semoforas [Semiphoras] which god the Creator gaue to Adam in paradise in wch be 4 letters wch to the 4 parts of the world, & to the 4 Elements & to the 4 complexions & to the 4 natures of beastes be likend. Such they be YHYHYHYH [in Hebrew letters] & by these letters pytiously & deuotly & meekly name thou that thy peticion in all things be fullfilled. Salomon said there be said to be 7 Semoforas. And the first is the Semoforas of Adam in which be contayned 4 chapters. The first is when Adam spake with the Creator in paradise. The 2 is when he spake with the Angells. The 3 when he spake with the deuills. The 4th when he spake with men & with foules & fishes & beasts & reptiles & wild beasts. The 5 whwn he spake with seeds & herbs & trees & all waxing things. The 6 when he spake with wynds & with the 4 Elements. The 7 when he spake with the Sunne & the Moone & the starrs. And by these 7 vertues of Semoforas what euer he would do he did. And wt euer he wold destroy he destroyed. And this Semoforas Adam had when the Creator inspired grace in to him.

The first Semoforas.

Primus Semoforas est quem Creator Adam formavit &c. The first Semophoras is when the Creator formed Adam & him in paradise putting nempned or named [corrupt Hebrew] that is to say Yana1 the natures & vertues of wch aboue we haue declared. If in great necessity or need thou namest this name meekly & deuotely before the Creator grace & helpe ne doubt thou not to finde.

1. Perhaps IAVA as in OP3.11. Scheible reads "Jove."

The second Semoforas.

Semoforum Secundum est qn~ Adam locutus fuit &c. The second Semophoras is when Adam spake with the Angell which brought to him these letters written the ensample of wch is such [corrupt Hebrew].2 that is Yeseraye. And this name thou shalt name when thou wilt speake with angells & they thy [156r] question & thy worke without doubt shall fullfill.

2. Possibly AShR AHIH, i.e. "Asser Eheie", one of the names of God of 7 letters.

The 3 Semoforas:

Tercium Semoforum est qu' locutus sit cum demonibus &c. The 3d Semoforas is whan he [i.e. Adam] spake with deuills & with dead men & of them counsail he enquired & they sufficiently to him answerd & all this he did with these lettres of wch this is the explanacon Adonay Sabaoth, adonay cados, addonay amiora. And these lettres thou shalt name whan thou wilt gather together winds or deuills or spirits.

The 4 Sem'.

Quartum Semoforum est qu' animalia & spiritus &c. The 4th Semoforas is when he bound & loosed beasts & spirits, & that with these 7 names. Lagumene1 Lanazirni, Lanagelagyn, Laquiri, Lanagala, Lanatozyn, Layfyalasyn. And when thou wilt bind or loose beasts thou shalt name the names aboue said.

1. (?) Looks like Lagmne with a bar over the last 4 letters. Scheible: Lagumen. K: Lagume.

The 5 Sem'.

Quintum Semoforum est qu' 7 nomina dix &c. The 5 Semoforas is when he said the 7 names with which he bound seeds & trees & these they be. Lyaham, Lyalgana, Lyafar, Viahirab, lelara, lebaron, Laasasalos. And when thou would bind seeds or trees thou shalt name the names abousaid & thou shalt binde.

The 6 Semforum.

Sextum Semoforum est magne virtutis &c. The 6 Sem' is of great vertue & power of which these be the names. Letamynyn, Letaglogen, Letafyryn, babaganarytyn, Letarinitim, Letagelogyn, Letafalazyn. These names thou shalt name when thou wilt that the Elemts & winds fullfill thy will in all things.

The 7 Semoforas.

Septimum Semoforum est magnum & virtuosum &c. The 7 Semoforas is great & virtuous for they be the names of the Creator wch thou oughtest to name in eich thing & in all thy worke inclepe. And they be these. Elyaon, Yacna (Yaena?), adonay, Cados, ebreel, Eloy, Ela, Agyel, ayom, suth, adon, sulela, eloym, deliom, yacy, Elyn, delys, yacy, zazael, paliel, man, myel, enola, dylatan, saday, alma, paxym. Another l're Saena, alym, catynal, vza~, yaraf, calpy, calsas, safua (or safna), nycam, Saday, aglataon, Sya, emanuel, Joth, lalaph, vm, via, tllan, domyfraël, muel, lalialins, alla, phenor, Aglata, tyel, pyel, patriceron, chepheron, Baryon, yael. And these thou shalt name in eich tyme that thou workest upon the 4 elements, And what euer thou wilt do by them it shall be done And what euer thou wilt destroy it shall be destroyed & fordone.


Here beginneth Sem[oforas] that Moyses had.

Incipit Semoforum quod Dominus dedit Moysi &c. Here beginnethe Semoforas that our Lord gaue to Moyses. And it is deuided into 7 chapters. Of which the first is whan Moyses ascended the hill & spake with the flame that environed the buske [bush]. And the bush seemed to burne & netheles it burnt not. The 2 when he spake with the Creator in the hill. the 3 was when he deuided the red Sea & passed thorough it. The 4th when the yarde [staff] was changed into a serpent, & the serpent deuoured other. The 5 is in wch be the names that was written in the forehead of Aaron. The 6 is when he made the brasen adder & the calf in brasse with the plagues of Egyptians he smote. the 7 is when he reyned mana in deserte & drew out water of the stone & led out the Childern of Israel, from captivity.

Cap. primum

Hæc sunt nomina quae dixit moyses quae asc. &c. These be the names that Moyses said when he ascended the hill & spake with the flame. Maya, afi, zye, yaremye, vue, bace, sare, binoe, maa, yasame, roy, lily, leoy, yly, yre, cyloy, zalye, lee, or, see, loace, cadeloye, vle, meha, ramechy, ry, hy, fosia, tu, nimi, sehye, ince, yelo, habe, vele, hele, ede, quego, ramyehabe. And when thou namest these names devoutly. Know thou thy worke without doubt to be fullfilled.

Cap. 2um.

Hæc sunt nomina quae dixit Creator &c. These be the names which the creator said to Moyses when he ascended the hill. And spake with him. abgmcan, loaraceram, naodicras, pecarcecays, acaptena, yegin, podayg, sauocicum. These be [the names] with which the Temple of Bozale was founded. These be the names of the prophet whan with the Angells with wch the 4 parties of the world weare sealed with wch thou might do many miracles. And beware lest thou name them but chast & cleane & 3 dayes fasting & wt euer thou wilt do by them thou shalt do trustily. 3um.

Hæc sunt nomina quae Moyses dixit &c. These be the names that Moyses sayd when he deuided the red sea. ena, elaye, sayec, helance, maace, lehahu, lelahu, alialie, quore, azaye, boene, hyeha, ysale, mabeha, araya, arameloena, quoleye, lyeneno, feayne, ye, ye, maleco, habona, nechee, hicero. [157r] And when thou wilt haue grace of any man. These names thou shalt name deuoutly & meekely & thou shalt haue.

Cap. 4m.

Hæc sunt nomina quae dixit Moyses que &c. These be the names that Moyses said when the yard was changed into a serpent of the enchanters & the prophets micracon. with these name incleped en. Roepi, Saconich, patonit, piston, ycimor, hygaron, ygmron, tenigaron, mycon, mycondasnos, castas, laceas, astas, yecon, cyn, tabliust, tabla, nac, zacut. And these forsaid names thou shalt name whan thou wilt fullfill thy question or axeing.

Cap. 5m.

Hæc sunt nomina quae scripta erant in populo Aaron &c. These be the names that were written in the people of Aaron when he spake with the Creator Saday, hayloce, loez, elacy, citonij, hazyhaya, yeynimoysey, accidasbarni, huadonemi, eya, hyeba, vea, vaha, oyaha, eye, oye, ha, hya, haya, zahya, hahyha, eyey, yaia, el, ebehel, va, va, va. keep well these names abousaid for they be holy and vertuous, & these thou shalt name that thou get that thou axest of the Creator.

Cap. 6m.

Hec sunt nomina quae scripta erant in virga Moysy &c. These be the names that were written in the yard of Moyses when he made the brasen serpent & destroyed the golden calfe. when all that druncke in the well hadden a beard. yana, yane, sya, abibhu, vanohya, accenol, tyogas, yena, eloym, ya, vehu, yane, hay, ya, vehu, a hyaemed. And these names conteyne in themselues many vertues, for with them thou shalt destroy euill & all enchantments & presume thou not to name them in the 7 worke.

Cap. 7m.

Hæc sunt nomina quae moyses dixit que plut &c. These be the names that moyses said when manna reyned in desert & drawe out water of the Rocke & led out from Captivity the childern of Israel. Saday, samora, ebon, pheneton, eloy, eneyobceel, messyas, Jahe, yana, or eolyen. Whan thou wolt do any miracles, or if thou were in any anguish. These names thou shalt name & in all things thou shalt feele the helpe of them & the vertue. And when thou hast done this rekearse thou these words by which the names aboue said be expowned.

Deus vive verax, magne, fortis potens pie, sancte munde, omni bonitate plene benedicte domine benedictum nomen tuum tu completer nraz compleas q~nem tu s~cor fac nos ad finem nostri operis pervenire tu largitor nobis integru complementum nostris operis elargir tu sancte & misericors nobis miserere nomen tuum yeseraye sit per seculam benedictum amen. That is to say, God quick very great stronge mighty, meke holy cleane, full of all [157v] goodnes blessed lord be thy name thou fulfiller fullfill our question thou maker, make us to come to thend of or worke thou granter graunt us hoal fullfilling of or worke thou holy & mercifull haue mercy of us thy name yeseraye be it blessed by worlds. Amen. In the name of the soueraigne allmighty Creator I begine thexplanacion of his name yeseraye that is to say god without begining & wth out ende. Agla [K: Angilae] is the name of a prophet and properly written in gold plate of liuing men. And who euer bereth it upon himself & how long he hath it with him he shall not dread sodaine death.

Here endeth the booke of Raziel of 7 treatises.

ffinis Razielis.


Here beginneth names that be necessary to euerich Christen man.

Hæc sunt nomina 4 Creatoris & unumquique est &c These [be] the 4 names of the Creator & euerich is of 4 l~ros & prophets bare them written in prciouse stones. And these be the names. Johac, Jona, Eloy, Yena. And know thou who euer beareth these names written in parchmyn that in hebrue is named genil in gilden letters with him, lyflode & clothing worshipfully lacketh not to him how long he hath them with him.

A name to gett victory.

Hac est nomen cum que Josue fecit &c. This is the name wth wch Josue made the sonne to stand in his place against his proper nature1 wth wch he ouercame gabionitas & 34 kings & this is a great name & vertuous dredfull & gasteleu. Bachianodobalizlior, & thus bachiocoiodobaliz hac & this name giueth vengeance of enemies & who that euer beareth it with him a prison may not hold him, neither in battails he may be ouercomen of any man.

1. Joshua 10:12-13.

For gladnes & against wrath & Ire.

Hoc est nomen quod dixit Creator Moysy &c. This is a name that the Creator said to Moysis in the mont of Synay. hacedion or hachedion, & this name removeth wrath & sorow & it encreaseth gladnes & loue.

For victory.

Hoc est nomen quod Adam in infernis circuitu &c. This is a name that Adam named in the environ of hell mephenoyphaton, & who euer beareth it upon him any man shall not mowe ouercome him.

Hæc sunt nomina 7 excelsa magna &c. These be the 7 high names great & vertuous whan thou wolt axe any thinge take thou a good houre & a good place: & els be thou not hearty to nempne them & these be the names. Comicecon, Sedelay, tohomos, zesyn, agata, bycol, ycos.It is ended do we thou kings to the lord Jesu Christ father & sonne & holy gohst [sic]. Amen. which liueth & reyneth without ende Amen.


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