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The number nine is dedicated to the Muses, by the help of the order of the Celestiall Spheres, and divine spirits: Hence there are nine movable Spheres, and according to those there are nine Muses, viz. Calliope, Urania, Polymnia, Terpsichore, Clio, Melpomene, Erato, Euterpe, Thalia, which nine Muses indeed are appropriated to the nine Spheres, so that the first resembles the supreme Sphere, which they call Primum mobile, and so descending by degrees, according to the written order, unto the last, which resembles the Sphere of the Moon, so, viz. Calliope is appropriated to the Primum mobile; Urania to the Starry Heaven, Polymnia to Saturn, Terpsichore, to Jupiter, Cleo to Mars, Melpomene to the Sun, Erato to Venus, Euterpe to Mercury, Thalia to the Moon.
There are also nine orders of blessed Angels, viz. Seraphim,
Cherubim, Thrones, Dominations, Powers, Vertues,
Principallities, Archangels, Angels, which Ezekiel figures
out of nine Stones, which are the Saphir, Emrald [sapphire, emerald], Carbuncle,
Berill [beryl], Onyx, Chrysolite, Jasper, Topaze, Sardis: This
number hath also a great, and Occult mysterie of the Cross:
For the ninth hour our Lord Jesus Christ breathed out his
Spirit. And in nine dayes the Ancients buryed [buried] their dead,
and in so many yeers [years] they say Minea received Laws from Jupiter in a Cave; whence this number was most especially taken
notice of by Homer, when Laws were to be given, or answers
were to be given, or the sword was like to rage.
The Astrologers also take notice of the number nine in the
Ages of men, no otherwise then they do of seven, which
they call Climactericall years, which are eminent for some
remarkable change. Yet sometimes it signifies imperfectness,
and incompleatness, because it doth not attain to the perfection
of the number ten, but is less by one, without which it is
deficient, as Austin [Augustine] interprets it out of the ten Leapers [leper]:
Neither is the longitude of nine Cubits of Og King of Basan, who is a type
of the divel [Devil], without a mysterie [mystery].
|The names of God with nine letters.||In the originall world.|
|Nine Quires of Angels.|
Nine Angels ruling the Heavens.
|In the intelligible world.|
|Nine moveable spheres.||The primum mobile.||The Starry Heaven.||The sphere of Saturn.||The sphere of Jupiter.||The sphere of Mars.||The sphere of the Sun.||The sphere of Venus.||The sphere of Mercury.||The sphere of the Moon.||In the Celestial world.|
|Nine stones representing the nine Quires of Angels.||Saphir [saphire]||Emrald [emerald].||Carbuncle.||Beril [beryl]||Onyx.||Chrysolite.||Jasper.||Topaze.||Sardis.||In the Elementary world.|
|Nine senses inward, and outward together.||Memory.||Cogitative.||Imaginative.||Common sense.||Hearing.||Seeing.||Smelling.||Tasting.||Touching.||In the lesser world.|
|Nine orders of divels [devils].||False spirits.||Spirits of lying.||Vessels of iniquity.||Avengers of wickedness.||Juglers.||Aiery powers.||Furies, sowing mischief.||Sisters or tryers.||Tempters or insnarers.||In the infernal world.|
The number ten is called every number, or an universall
number, compleat, signifying the full course of life: for
beyond that we cannot number, but by replication; and it
either implies all numbers within it self, or explains them by
it self, and its own, by multiplying them: wherefore it is
accounted to be of a manifold Religion, and power, and is
applyed to the purging of souls. Hence the Ancients called
Ceremonies Denary, because they that were to be expiated,
and to offer sacrifices, were to abstain from some certain
things for ten dayes. Whence amongst the Egyptians it
was the custome for him that would sacrifice to Io, to fast
ten dayes before, which Apuleius testifies of himself, saying,
It was commanded that I should for the space of ten dayes
refrain all meat, and be fasting. There are ten sanguine parts
of man, the Menstrues, the Sperm, the Plasmatick spirit,
the Mass, the Humours, the Organicall body, the vegetative
part the sensitive part, reason, and the mind. There are also
ten simple integrall parts constituting man, the bone,
cartilage, nerve, fibre, ligament, artery, vein, membrane,
flesh, skin. There are also ten parts of which a man consists
intrinsecally; The spirit, the brain, the lungs, the heart, the
liver, the gall, the spleen, the kidnies [kidneys], the testicles, the Matrix.
There were ten Curtains in the Temple, ten strings in the
Psaltery; ten musicall instruments with which Psalms were
sang, the names whereof were, Neza, on which their Odes
were sang, Nablum, the same as Organs, Mizmor, on which
the Psalms, Sir, on which the Canticles; Tehila, on which Orations,
Beracha, on which Benedictions, Halel, on which
Praises: Hodaia, on which Thanks, Asre, on which the Felicity
of any one, Hallelujah, on which the praises of God only,
and Contemplations. There were also ten singers of Psalms,
viz. Adam, Abraham, Melchisedech, Moses, Asaph, David,
Solomon, and three sons of Chora, there are also ten
commandments; And the tenth day after the ascension of
Christ the Holy Ghost came down. This lastly is
the number, in which Jacob wrestling with the Angel all
night overcame, and at the rising of the Sun was blessed,
and called by the name of Israel. In this number Joshua
overcame thirty one Kings, and David overcame Goliath,
and the Philistines, and Daniel escaped the danger of the
Lions. This number also is as circular as unity, because being
heaped together, returns into a unity, from whence it had
its beginning, and it is the end, and perfection of all numbers,
and the beginning of tens. As the number ten flows
back into a unity, from whence it proceeded, so every thing
that is flowing is returned back to that from which it had
the beginning of its Flux. So water returns to the Sea,
from whence it had its beginning, the body returns to the
Earth, from whence it was taken; time returns into Eternity,
from whence it flowed, the spirit shall return to
God that gave it; and lastly, every creature returns to nothing,
from whence it was created, neither is it supported
but by the word of God, in whom all things are hid; and
all things with the number ten, and by the number ten, make
a round, as saith Proclus, taking their beginning from God,
and ending in him. God therefore that first unity, or one
thing, before he communicated himself to inferiours, diffused
himself into the first of numbers, viz. The number three,
then into the number ten, as into ten Ideas, and measures of
making all numbers, and all things, which the Hebrews call
ten Attributes, and account ten divine names; For which
cause there cannot be a further number. Hence all tens have
some divine thing in them, and in the Law are required of
God as his own, together with the first fruits, as the originall
of things, and beginning of numbers, and every tenth is
as the end given to him, who is the beginning, and end of all things.
|In the originall||åäéåçéäåäé|
The name Jehova of ten letters collected.
|àä åàå àä ãåé
The Name Jehovah of ten letters Extended.
The name Elohim Sabaoth.
|The name of God with ten letters.|
|Ten names of God.|
|In the intelligible world.||Seraphim.|
The soul of Messiah.
|Ten orders of the blessed according to Dionysius.|
Ten orders of the blessed according to the traditions of men.
Ten Angels ruling.
|In the Celestiall world.||Reschith ha-gallalim.|
The Primum Mobile.
The sphere of the Zodiake [zodiac].
The Sphere of Saturn.
The sphere of Jupiter.
The Sphere of Mars.
The sphere of the Sun.
The sphere of Venus.
The sphere of Mercury.
The sphere of the Moon.
The sphere of the Elements.
|Ten spheres of the world.|
|In the Elementary world.||A Dove.||A Lizard.||A Dragon.||An Eagle.||A Horse.||Lion.||Man.||Genitals [sic. Serpent]||Bull.||Lamb.||Ten Animals consecrated to the Gods.|
|In the lesser world.||Spirit.||Brain.||Spleen.||Liver.||Gall.||Heart.||Kidneys.||Lungs.||Genitals.||Matrix.||Ten parts intrinsecall of man.|
|In the infernall world.||False Gods.||Lying spirits.||Vessels of iniquity.||Revengers of wickedness.||Juglers.||Aery powers.||Furies the seminaries of evil.||Sifters or tryers.||Tempters or ensnarers.||Wicked souls bear rule.||Ten orders of the damned.|
Chapter xiiii. Of the Number eleven, and the number twelve; with a double Scale of the Number twelve Cabalisticall, and Orphicall.
The number eleven as it exceeds the number ten, which is
the number of the commandements [commandments], so it fals short of
the number twelve, which is of grace and perfection, therefore
it is called the number of sins, and the penitent. Hence
in the tabernacle there were commanded to be made eleven
Coats of hair which is the habit of those that are penitent,
and lament for their sins, whence this number hath no Communion
with Divine or Celestiall things, nor any attraction,
or scale tending to things above: neither hath it any reward;
but yet sometimes it receives a gratuitous favor from God, as
he which was called the eleventh hour to the vineyard of the
Lord, received the sanne reward as those who had born the
burden, and heat of the day. Now the number twelve is
divine, and that whereby the Celestials are measured; it is also
the number of the Signs in the Zodiack over which there are
twelve angels as chief, supported by the irrigation of the great
name of God. In twelve yeers [years] also Jupiter perfects his course,
and the Moon daily runs through twelve degrees. There are also
twelve chief joynts [joints] in the body of man, viz. in hands, elbones
[elbows], shoulders, thighs, knees, and vertebrae of the feet. There
is also a great power of the number twelve in divine mysteries.
God chose twelve families of Israel, and set over them twelve
Princes; so many stones were placed in the midst of Jordan,
and God commanded that so many should be set on the breast
of the Priest; twelve Lyons [lions] did bear the brazen Sea that was
made by Solomon: there were so many fountains in Helim,
and so many spies sent to the land of promise, and so many
Apostles of Christ set over the twelve tribes, and twelve thousand
people were set apart and chosen; the queen of Heaven
crowned with twelve Stars, and in the Gospel twelve baskets
of the fragments were taken up, and twelve Angels are set
over the twelve gates of the City, and twelve stones of the
heavenly Jerusalem. In inferior things many breeding things
proceed after this number; so the Hare and Coney being
most fruitfull, bring forth twelve times in the yeer [year], and the
Cammel [camel] is so many moneths in breeding, and the Pea-cock [peacock]
brings forth twelve Eggs.
|Cf. Georgius 2:7, 23, f. 328r. apud quem: tribes: Gen. 25:16; stones from Jordan: Ios. 4:2; breastpiece: Ex. 28:21, Lev. 24:5-8; sea: 3 Reg. 7:25, 44 (=2 Chron. 4); fountains: Ex. 15:27; spies: Num. 13:3-4; apostles: Mt. 10:1, Mc. 3:13, Lc. 6:13; chosen: Rev. 7:4-8, 12; baskets: Mt. 14:20, Mc. 6:43, Lc. 9:17, Ioh. 6:13; angels and gates: Rev. 21:12, 19-20.|
|The names of God with twelve letters||àåä|
|ùã÷ä çåøå ïá áà
Father, Son, Holy Ghost.
|In the originall world.|
|The great name returned back into twelve banners.||äåäé||åääé||ääåé||éäåä||äéåä||åéää||äéäå||ääåé||éääå||åäéä||äåéä||éåää|
|Twelve orders of the blessed Spirits.||Seraphim.||Cherubim.||Thrones.||Dominations.||Powers.||Vertues.||Principalities.||Archangels.||Angels.||Innocents.||Martyrs.||Confessors.||In the Intelligible world.|
|Twelve Angels ruling over the signs.||Malchidiel.||Asmodel.||Ambriel.||Muriel.||Verchiel.||Hamaliel.||Zuriel.||Barbiel.||Adnachiel.||Hanael.||Gabriel.||Barchiel.|
|Twelve Apostles.||Mathias.||Thadeus.||Simon.||John.||Peters.||Andrew.||Bartholemew.||Philip.||James the elder||Thomas.||Matthew.||James the yonger.|
|Twelve signs of the Zodiack.||Aries.||Taurus.||Gemini.||Cancer.||Leo.||Virgo.||Libra.||Scorpio.||Sagittarius.||Capricorn.||Aquarius.||Pisces.||In the Celestiall world.|
|Twelve Moneths [months].||March.||April.||May.||June.||July.||August.||September.||October.||Novemb.||December.||January.||February.||In the Elementall world.|
|Twelve Plants.||SSang.||Upright Vervain.||Bending Vervain.||Comfrey.||Lady's Seal.||Calamint.||Scorpion-grass.||Mugwort.||Pimpernel.||Dock.||Dragon-wort.||Aristolochy.|
|Twelve stones.||Sardonius.||A Carneol.||Topaze||Calcedony.||Jasper.||Emrald [emerald].||Berill.||Amethyst.||Hyacinth.||Chrysoprasus.||Crystall.||Saphir.|
|Twelve principall members.||The head.||The neck.||The arms.||The brest [breast].||The heart.||The belly.||The kidnies [kidneys].||Genitals.||The hams.||Knees.||Legs.||Feet.||In the Elementary world.|
|Twelve degrees of the damned, and of Divels [devils].||False gods||Lying spirits.||Vessels of iniquity.||Revengers of wickedness.||Juglers.||Aery powers.||Furies the sowers of evils.||Sifters or Tryers.||Tempters or ensnarers.||Witches.||Apostates.||Infidels.||In the infernall world.|
|Twelve Deities.||Pallas.||Venus.||Phoebus.||Mercury.||Jupiter.||Ceres.||Vulcan.||Mars.||Diana.||Vesta.||Juno.||Neptune.||In the intelligible world.|
|Twelve signs of the Zodiake.||Aries.||Taurus.||Gemini.||Cancer.||Leo.||Virgo.||Libra.||Scorpio.||Sagittarius.||Capricorn.||Aquarius.||Pisces.||In the Celestiall world.|
|Twelve Moneths [months].||March.||April.||May.||June.||July.||August.||September.||October.||Novemb.||December.||January.||February.||In the Elementall world.|
|Twelve consecrated birds.||The Owle.||Dove.||Cock.||Ibis.||Eagle.||Sparrow.||Goose.||Pie.||Daw.||Heron.||Peacock.||Swan.|
|Twelve consecrated beasts.||Shee Goat.||He Goat.||Bull.||Dog.||Hart.||Sow.||Asse.||Wolf.||Hind.||Lyon [lion].||Sheep.||Horse.|
|Twelve consecrated trees.||Olive-tree.||Myrtil-tree.||Laurell.||Hasle [hazel tree].||Aesculus.||Apple-tree.||Box-tree.||Dog tree.||Palm-tree.||Pine-tree.||Ram-thorn.||Elm-tree.|
|Twelve members of man distributed to the signs.||The head.||The Neck.||The Armes.||The Brest [breast].||The Heart.||The Belly.||The kidnies [kidneys].||Genitals.||Hamnes.||Knees.||Leggs.||Feet.||In the lesser world.|
The other numbers also which are above twelve, are endowed
with many, and various effects, the vertues whereof
you must understand by their originall, and parts, as they are
made of a various gathering together of simple numbers, or
maner of multiplication. Sometimes as their significations arise
from the lessening, or exceeding going before, especially
more perfect, so they contain of themselves the signs
of certain divine mysteries. So you see the third number above
ten, shews the mysteries of Christs appearing to the Gentiles,
for the thirteenth day after his birth a Star was a guide to
the wise men. The fourteenth day doth typifie Christ, who the
fourteenth day of the first moneth [month] was sacrificed for us; upon
which day the children of Israel were commanded by the Lord
to celebrate the Passeover [Passover]. This number Mathew [Matthew] doth so
carefully observe, that he passed over some generations, that
he might every where observe this number in the generations
of Christ. The fifteenth number is a token of spirituall ascensions,
therefore the song of degrees is applyed to that in
fifteen Psalms. Also fifteen yeers [years] were added to the life of
King Hezekiah: and the fifteenth day of the seventh moneth [month]
was observed, and kept holy. The number sixteen, the Pythagorians
call the number of felicity. It also comprehends all the
Prophets of the Old Testament, and the Apostles, and Evangelists
of the new. The number eighteen, and twenty, Divines interpret
to be unhappy, for in the former, Israel served Eglon
King of Moab; and in the other Jacob served, and Joseph was sold.
And lastly, amongst creatures that have many feet, there is none
that hath above twenty feet. The twenty two signifies the fullness
of wisdom, and so many are the Characters of the Hebrew
letters, and so many Books doth the old Testament contain.
To the number twenty eight, the favour of the Moon is designed,
for the motion thereof is distant from the course of other
Stars, & as it were alone is compleated the twenty eighth
day, when it returns to the same point of the Zodiake [zodiac] from
whence it came. Hence twenty eight Mansions of the Moon,
having singular vertue, and influence, are numbered in the heavens.
The number thirty is memorable for many mysteries,
Our Lord Jesus Christ was baptized the thirtieth yeer [year] of his
Age, and began to do miracles, and to teach the Kingdom
of God. Also John Baptist was thirty yeers old when be began
to preach in the wilderness, and to prepare the wayes of
the Lord. Also Ezekiel at the same age began to prophecy; and
Joseph was brought out of Prison on the thirtieth yeer of his
Age, and received the government of Egypt from Pharaoh.
The number thirty two, the Hebrew Doctors ascribe to wisdom,
and so many paths of wisdom are described by Abraham.
But the Pythagorians call this the number of Justice, because
it is alwaies divisible into two parts, even unto a unity. The
number fourty [forty], the Ancients did honour with great observation,
concerning which they did celebrate the feast Tessarosten:
It is said that it doth conduce to the account of birth, for in so
many daies the seed is fitted, and transformed in the womb,
untill it be by its due, and harmoniacall proportions brought
unto a perfect organicall body, being disposed to receive a rationall
soul. And so many dayes they say women be, after
they have brought forth, before all things are setled [settled] within
them, and they purifled, and so many dayes infants refrain
from smiling, are infirme, and live with a great deal of
hazard. This also is in Religion a number of expiation, and
penitency, and signifying great mysteries. For in the time of
the deluge the Lord rained fourty daye, and nights upon the
earth: The children of Israel lived fourty yeers in the wilderness;
fourty dayes the destruction of Nineveh was put off. The
same number was accounted as holy in the fasts of the Saints:
For Moses, Elias, and Christ fasted fourty dayes. Christ was
carried fourty weeks in the womb of a Virgin, Christ tarryed
fourty dayes after his birth at Bethelem [Bethlehem] before he was presented
in the Temple: He preached fourty months publickly: He lay
fourty [forty] hours dead in the Sepulchre, the fourtieth day after his
resurrection he ascended into heaven, all which Divines say,
were not done without some occult property, and mysterie of
this number. The number fifty signifies remission of sins, of
servitudes, and also liberty. According in the Law, on the fiftieth
year they did remit debts, and every one did return to his
own possessions. Hence by the yeer of Jubilee, and by the Psalm
of repentance it shews a sign of indulgency, and repentance.
The law also, and the holy Ghost are declared in the same:
For the fiftieth day after Israels going forth out of Egypt, the
Law was given to Moses in mount Sinai: The fiftieth day after
the resurrection, the holy Ghost came down upon the Apostles
in mount Sion; Whence also it is called the number of grace,
and attributed to the Holy Ghost. The number sixty, was holy
to the Egyptians, for it is proper to the Crocodile, that as she
in sixty dayes brings forth sixty eggs, and so many dayes sits on
them, so she is said also to live so many yeers, and to have
so many teeth: and so many dayes every yeer to rest
solitary without any meat. The number seventy hath also its
mysteries, for so many yeers the fire of the sacrifice in the Babylonian
Captivity lay under the water, and was alive: so many
yeers Jeremiah foretold the destruction of the Temple, and so
many yeers the Babylonian Captivity endured, and in so many
yeers the desolation of Jerusalem was finished. Also there were
seventy Palms in the place where the children of Israel pitched
their Tents. The Fathers went down to Egypt with seventy
souls. Also seventy Kings with their fingers, and toes cut off did
gather meat under the table of Adonibezeck seventy sons came
forth of the loins of Joas, seventy men, all sons of Jero, seventy
weights of silver were given to Abimelech, and so many men
Abimelech slew upon one stone: Abdon had seventy sons, and
Nephews, who rod upon seventy Foals of Asses; Solomon had
seventy thousand men which carried burdens. Seventy sons
of King Ahab were beheaded in Samaria; seventy yeers, according
to the Psalmist, are the Age of man. Lamech shall be
avenged seventy seven fold; Thou shalt forgive thy brother
if he offend against thee, seventy seven times. Also the number
<seventy seven times. Also the number> seventy two was famous
for so many languages, for so many Elders of the Synagogue,
for so many interpreters of the old Testament, for so many Disciples
of Christ: It hath also a great Communion with the
number twelve; hence in the heavens, every sign being divided
into six parts, there result seventy two fives, over which so many
angels bear rule; and so many are the names of God; and
every five is set over one Idiom with such efficacy, that the
Astrologers, and Physiognomists can know from thence from
what Idiom everyone ariseth. Answerable to these are so
many manifest joynts in mans body, whereof in every finger
and toe there are three, which together with the twelve Principal
reckoned before in the number twelve make up seventy
two. The number a hundred in which the sheep that was
found, was placed, which also passeth from the left hand to
the right, is found holy: and because it consists of tens it shews
a complete perfection. But the Complement of all numbers is
a thousand which is the four square measure of number ten,
signifying a complete, and absolute perfection. There are also
two numbers especially celebrated by Plato in his Repub. [Republic]
and not disallowed by Aristotle in his Politicks, by which
great mutations in Cities are foretold: These are the square
of ten [*twelve], and the four square measure thereof, viz. the fourty
four above a hundred, and seven hundred twenty eight above
a thousand, which number is fatall: to which when any City, or
Common Wealth hath attained, it shall afterward with a compleat
four square measure decline: but in squares it undergoeth
a change, but for the better, if it be governed with prudent
discipline, and then it shall not with fate, but imprudency
fall. And let thus much suffice for numbers in particular.
I have often read in the books of Magicians, and their works,
and experiments certain, wonderful, & as they seemed to me
ridiculous gesturings, and I did think they were certain occult
agreements of the divels, by reason of which I did reject them:
but after I did more seriously examine the matter, then I did
presently understand that they were not the compacts of
divels [devils]; but that there lay in them the reason of numbers, by
which the ancients did by the various bending forward, and
backward, their hands, and fingers represent numbers, by
whose gesturings the Magiciand did silently signifie words unknown
by sound, various with numbers, yet of great vertue,
by their fingers joyned together, and sometimes changed, and
did with sacred silence worship the Gods that rule over the
world. The rites whereof Martianus also makes mention of
in his Arithmetick, saying, The fingers of the Virgin were moved
all manner of wayes, who after she went in, did by expressing
seven hundred and seventeen numbers with her bended
fingers call upon Jupiter. But, that these things may be the
better understood, I shall bring something out of the sayings
of Beda who saith, When thou sayest one, bend in the litle [little] finger
on thy left hand, and set it in the middle of the Palme;
when thou sayest two, place the next finger to the litle finger
in the same place; when three, the middle finger after the same
manner; when four, thou shalt lift up thy little finger; when
five, the next to it after the same manner; when six, the
middle, that finger alone which is called the ring finger, being
fixt on the middle of the Palme: when thou sayest seve, thou
shaly put only thy little finger above the root of thy
Palm, tthe rest in the mean time being lifted up; and by it
when thou sayest eight, thy ring finger; when thou sayest nine,
thou shalt set thy middle finger contrary to them; when thou
sayest ten, thou shall set the naile of thy fore-finger, or the
middle joynt [joint] of thy thumb. When thou sayest twenty, thou
shalt put the top of thy middle finger close betwixt the joynts
of thy thumb, and forefinger. When thou sayest thirty, thou
shalt joyn the naile of thy thumb, and fore-finger lightly together.
When thou sayest fourty [forty], thou shalt bring the inside of
thy thumb to the outside of thy fore-finger, both being lifted
up. When thou sayest fifty, thou shalt bend thy thumb with
the outward joynt like to the Greek Gamma to the Palme.
When thou sayest sixty, compass about thy thumb being bended
as before, with thy fore-finger bowed over it. When thou sayest
seventy, thou shalt supply thy fore-finger being bowed about
as before, with thy thumb stretched at length, the naile thereof
being lifted up before the middle joynt of thy fore-finger.
When thou sayest eighty, thou shalt supply thy fore-finger
bowed about as before, with thy thumb stretched forth at
length, the naile thereof being set upon the middle joynt of
the fore-finger. When thou sayest ninty, thou shall set the
naile of thy fore-finger bent into the root of thy thumb
stretched out. Thus much for the left hand. Now thou shalt
make 100. on thy right hand, as thou sisdt ten of thy left; and
200. on thy right, as thou didst twenty on thy left; 2000. on
thy right, as thou didst two on thy left, and so to 9000. Moreover
when thou sayest 10000. thou shalt put thy left hand upward
on thy brest, thy fingers only being lifted towards Heaven.
When thou sayest 20000. thou shalt put the same spread
forth upon thy breast. When thou sayest 30000. thou shalt
put thy thumb on the same hand downwards, on the cartilage
of the middle of thy brest. When thou sayest 40000. thou
shalt lay the same upright, and stretched forth on thy navell.
When thou sayest 50000. thou shalt lay thy thumb of the same
hand downard [downward] on thy navell. When thou sayest 60000. thou
shalt hold thy left thigh with the same, being downards [downwards]. When
thou sayest 70000. the same shalt put upon thy thumb
upright. When thou sayest 80000. thou shalt put the same
downward on thy thigh. When thou sayest 90000. thou shalt
hold thy loyns [loins] with the same, thy thumb being turned downwards.
But when thou sayest 100000. or 200000. and so unto
to 900000. thou shalt in the same order as we have spoken,
fill them up on the right part of thy body. But when thou
sayest 1000000. thou shall joyn thy hands together, and
clasp thy fingers one within the other. Let these suffice which
have been observed out of Beda; Thou shalt finde more of
these in Brother Luke of Saint Sepulchers, in his great
The notes of numbers are made diverse wayes in divers nations, The Romans did figure them by these following notes, which Valerius Probus ascribes concerning the ancient letters, and which are still in use, viz.
|A thousand.||Five thousand.|
|Ten thousand.||Fifty thousand.|
|A hundred thousand.||Two hundred thousand.|
|Five hundred thousand.||A thousand thousand.|
There are also other notes of numbers now a dayes used
amongst Arithmeticians, and Calculators, which according to
the order of numbers are made after this manner.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. to which is added a note of privation
signed with the mark 0 which although it signifie no number,
yet makes others to signifie, either tens, or hundreds, or
thousands, as is well known to Arithmeticians. Also
there are some that mark the number ten with a line downward,
and another made cross it; and five by that line which
toucheth the other, but doth not go cross it, and a unity by that
which is put by it self, as you may see in this example,
signifies ten and five,
ten and seven; and the round o being put
by it self signifies a hundred; but being joyned to others, signifies
so many hundreds as the numbers are to which it is put,
as thus, oo or thus IIo signifies two hundred, thus ooo or thus
IIIo three hundred
or a thousand. And these notes are commonly seen added in
The Græcians [Greeks] use the Alphabeticall letters for their notes ofnumbers, and that three wayes; first by every Element according to the series of the Alphabet signifying the number of its place. For in the order of which any number doth possesse the place of the Alphabet, it represents the number thereof, as here you may see.
And this is the first order of numbers amongst the Greeks. Secondly, the Greeks divide the whole Alphabet into three Classes, whereof the first beginning from Alpha, is of unites. The second beginning from Iota is of tens. The third begining from Rho is of hundreds; and this order by the latter of the Greeks is instituted after the imitation of the Hebrews. Now because their Alphabet wants by that rule, three letters, it is necessary to add to them three figures and to interlace them with the letters, by which, viz. they explain the sixt, the ninetieth, and the nine hundreth, as is manifest in the following Classes.
Now if to any of these letters there be subscribed the stroke of an acute tone, then it signifies so many thousands, as in these examples.
After the third manner, the Greeks use only six letters in signifying their numbers, viz. I, for an Unite, P for the number five, because it is the head of the word pente (i.e.) five. D for the number ten, from deka. H for a hundred from ekaton. X for a thousand from the word cilia, M for ten thousand from muria. From which six letters joyned in number after their manner unto four, or to other numbers, they make other numbers, besides P which is not multiplyed, nor joyned to it self, but alwayes aignifies the fives of others, as appears in the following examples.
The Hebrew letters also have marks of numbers, but far more excellently then in any other languages, since the greatest mysteries lie in Hebrew letters, as is handled concerning these in that part of Cabaly [Cabala] which they call Notariacon. Now the principall Hebrew letters are in number twenty two, whereof five have divers other figures in the end of a word, which therefore they call the five ending letters, which being added to them aforesaid make twenty seven, which being then divided into three degrees, signifie the unites, which are in the first degree; tens which are in the second, and hundreds which are in the third degree. Now every one of them if they be marked with a great Character signifies so many thousands, as here
Now the Classes of the Hebrew numbers are these,
Now there are some which do not use those finall letters, but instead of them write thus.
And by those simple figures by the joyning them together they describe all other compound numbers, as eleven, twelve, a hundred and ten, a hundred and eleven, by adding to the number ten, those which are of unites; and in like manner to the rest after their manner; yet they describe the fifteenth number not by ten, and five, but by nine, and six, viz. thus åè and that out of honor to the divine name äé which imports fifteen, lest it should happen that the sacred name should be abused to prophane things. Also the Egyptians, Æthiopians [Ethiopians], Caldeans [Chaldaeans], and Arabians, have their marks of numbers, which also often times happen amongst Magicall Characters. He therefore that would know them, must seek them, of them that are skilful of these letters. For the Caldeans [Chaldaeans] mark the numbers with the letters of their Alphabet after the manner of the Hebrews. We have set down their Alphabet in the end of the first book. Moreover I found in two most ancient books of Astrologers, and Magicians, certain most elegant marks of numbers, which I thought good to set down in this place; Now they were in both Volums [volumes] such.
Now by these mark turned to the left hand are made tens, after this manner.
And by those markes which are turned downwards on the right hand, are made hundreds; on the left thousands, viz. thus.
And by the composition, and mixture of these markes other mixt and compounded numbers also are most elegantly made, as you may perceive by these few.
According to the example of which we must proceed in other
compound numbers; And so much suffice for the marks of
The Pythagorians say (Aristotle, and Ptolemy [Ptolomy] are of the same opinion) that the very Elements of letters have some certain divine numbers, by which collected from proper names of things, we may draw conjectures concerning occult things to come. Whence they call this kind of divination Arithmancy, because, viz. it is done by numbers, as Terentianus hath made mention of it in these verses.
Names are, they say, made of but letters few
Unfortunate, of many, do foreshew
Success; so Hector did Patroclus slay,
So Hector to Achilles was a prey.
Also Pliny saith, That there was added to what Pythagoras invented, an uneven number of vowels of imposed names, which did betoken lameness, or want of eyes, and such like misfortunes, if they be assigned to the right side parts; but an even number to them of the left. And Alexandrinus the Philosopher taught, How that by the number of letters we may find out the ruling Stars of any one that is born, and whether the husband or wife shall dye [die] first, and know the prosperous, or unhappy events of the rest of our works. His traditions which were not disallowed by Ptolemy [Ptolomy] the Astrologer we shall here add, and put under. But those numbers, which are deputed to each letter, we have above shewed in the Greek, and Hebrew letters, the Alphabet being divided into three Classes, whereof the first is of unites, the second of tens, the third of hundreds. And seeing in the Roman Alphabet there are wanting four to make up the number of twenty seven Characters, their places are supplyed with I, and V sinple consonants, as in the names of John, and Valentine, and hi, and hu aspirate consonants as in Hierom, and Huilhelme, although the Germans for hu the asperate use a double vv; the true Italians, and French in their vulgar speech put G joymed with U instead thereof, writing thus, Vuilhelmus, and Guilhelmus.
But if thou desirest to know the ruling Star of any one that is
born, compute his name, and of both his parents, through each
letter according to the number above written, and divide the
sum of the whole being gathered together by nine, substracting
it as often as thou canst; and if there remaine a unity, or four,
both signifie the Sun; if two or seven, both signifie the Moon;
but three, Jupiter; five, Mercury; six, Venus; eight, Saturne; nine,
Mars; and the reasons thereof are shewed else where. In like
manner if thou desirest to know the horoscope of any one that
is born, compute his name, and of his Mother, and Father, and
divide the whole collected together by twelve, if there remain
a unity, it signifies the Lyon; if Junos dewce, Aquarius; if the
Vestall three, Capricorn; if four, Sagittarius; if five, Cancer;
if Venus six, Taurus; if Palladian seven, Aries; if Vulcans eight,
Libra; if Mars his nine, Scorpio; if ten, Virgo; if eleven,
Pisces; if Phoebus twelve, they represent Geminos; and the reasons
of them are given elswhere. And let no man wonder that
by the numbers of names many things may be Prognosticated,
seeing (the Pythagorian Philosophers, and Hebrew Cabalists
testifying the same) in those numbers lye [lie] certain occult mysteries
understood by few: for the most High created all things
by number, measure, and weight, from whence the truth of
letters, and names had its originall, which were not instituted
casually, but by a certain rule (although unknown to us.)
Hence John in the Revelation saith, Let him which hath understanding
compute the number of the name of the beast, which
is the number of a man. Yet these are not to be understood
of those names, which a disagreeing difference of Nations,
and divers rites of Nations according to the causes of places, or
education have put upon men; but those which were inspired
into every one at his birth, by the very Heaven with the conjunction
of Stars, and those which the Hebrew Mecubals, and
wise men of Egypt long since taught to draw from the generation
of every one.
Moreover the Pythagorians have dedicated to the Element, and dieties [deities] of Heaven sacred numbers; for to the Aire they have assigned the number eight, and to fire five, to the earth six, to the water twelve. Besides, unity is ascribed to the Sun, which is the only King of the Stars, in which God put his Tabernacle; and that this also is of Jupiter, doth the Causative power of his ideal and intellectuall species testifie, who is the head, and the father of the Gods, as unity is the beginning, and parent of numbers: The number two is ascribed to the Moon, which is the second great light, and figures out the soul of the world, and is called Juno, because betwixt that and unity there is the first conjunction, and neer fellowship; it is also ascribed to Saturn, and Mars, two unfortunate Planets with the Astrologers; so the number three is ascribed to Jupiter, the Sun, and Venus, viz. three fortunate planets, and is deputed to Vesta, Hecata, and Diana; hence they say,
Threefold is Hecate, three mouths Diana
The Virgin hath -----
The number three therefore is dedicated to this Virgin
whom they say to be powerfull in Heaven, and in Hell. The
number four is of the Sun, which by that number constitutes the
corners of the heavens, and distinguisheth seasons: it is also ascribed
to Cyllenius, because he alone is called the four square
God. The number five consisting of the first even, and the first
odd, as of female, and male, both sexes, is assigned to Mercury;
it is also attributed to the Celestiall world, which beyond the
four Elements is it self under another form, the fist. The number
six, which consists of two threes, as a Commixtion of both
sexes, is by the Pythagorians ascribed to generation, and marriage,
and belongs to Venus, and Juno. The number seven is of
rest, and belongs to Saturn; the same also doth dispence the
motion, and light of the Moon, and therefore is called by the
name of Tritonia the Virgin, because it begets nothing. It is
assigned to Minerva, because it proceeds of nothing; also to
Pallas the Virago, because it consists of nuumbers, as of males, and
females. This also Plutarck ascribes to Apollo. The number
eight, by reason it containes the mysterie of justice, is ascribed
to Jupiter; it is also dedicated to Vulcan, for of the
first motion, and the number two, which is Juno drawn twice into
it self, it consists; It is also attributed to Cybele the mother
of the Gods, to whom every four square is attributed. Plutarck
assigns it to Bacchus, or Dionysius, who is said to be born
the eighth moneth [month]: others, because Infants of the wight moneth
do not live, have attributed it to Saturn, and the three Ladies
of destiny. The number nine belongs to the Moon, the utmost
receptacle of all Celestiall influences, and vertues, as also it is
dedicated to the nine Muses, as also to Mars, from whom is the
end of all things. The number ten is Circular, and belongs to
the Sun, after the same manner as unity; also it is attributed to
Janus, because it is the end of the first order, and from
whence begins the second unity; it is also ascribed to the
world. In like manner the number twelve, because the Sun
going round twelve signes, distributes the yeer [year] into twelve
moneths, is attributed to the world, the Heaven, and the Sun.
The number eleven, because it is semicircular, is attributed to
the Moon, and also deputed to Neptune.
It is affirmed by Magicians, that there are certain tables of
numbers distributed to the seven planets, which they call
the sacred tables of the planets, endowed with many, and very
great vertues of the Heavens, in as much as they represent that
divine order of Celestiall numbers, impressed upon Celestials
by the Idea's of the divine mind, by means of the soul of the
world, and the sweet harmony of those Celestiall rayes, signifying
according to the proportion of effigies, supercelestiall Intelligencies,
which can no other way be expressed, then by
the marks of numbers, and Characters. For materiall numbers,
and figures can do nothing in the mysteries of hid things, but
representatively by formall numbers, and figures, as
they are governed, and informed by intelligencies, and divine
numerations, which unite the extreams of the matter, and spirit
to the will of the elevated soul, receiving through
great affection, by the Celestiall power of the operator, a
power from God, applyed through the soul of the universe, and
observations of Celestiall constellations, to a matter fit for a
form, the mediums being disposed by the skill, and industry
of Magicians; But let us hasten to explain the tables severally.
The first of them is assigned to Saturn, and consists of a square
of three, containing the particular numbers of nine, and in
every line three every way, and through each Diameter making
fifteen. Now the whole sum of numbers is fourty five/
Over this are of Divine names set such names as fill up the numbers
with an Intelligency to what is good, with a spirit to
what is bad, and out of the same numbers is drawn the seal, or
Character of Saturn, and of the spirits thereof, such as we
shall beneath ascribe to its table. They say that this table being
with a fortunate Saturn engraved on a plate of lead, doth
help to bring forth, or birth, and to make a man safe, and
powerfull, and to cause success of petitions with princes, and
powers: but if it be done with an unfortunate Saturn, that it
hinders buildings, plantings, and the like, and casts a man from
honours, and dignities, and causes discords, and quarrellings,
and disperses an Army. The second is called the table of Jupiter,
which consists of a Quaternian drawn into it self
[i.e. 4 times 4], containing
sixteen particular numbers, and in every line, and Diameter
four, making thirty four. Now the Sum of all is 136. And
there are over it divine names with an Intelligence to good,
with a spirit to bad, and out of it is drawn the Character of
Jupiter, and the spirits thereof. They say that if it be impressed
upon a Silver plate with Jupiter being powerfull, and ruling,
it conduceth to gain, and riches, favor, and love, peace, and
concord, and to appease enemies, to confirm honors, dignities,
and counsels, and dissolve enchantments if it be engraven
on a corall. The third table belongs to Mars, which is made
of a square of four containing twenty five numbers, and of
these in every side and Diameter five, which make sixty five,
and the sum of all is 325. And there are over it Divine names
with an Intelligence to good, with a spirit to bad, and out of
it is drawn the Character of Mars, and of his spirits. These
with Mars being fortunate, being engraven on an Iron plate,
or sword, makes a man potent in war, and judgments, and petitions,
and terrible to his enemies, and victorious against
them; and if engraven upon the Stone Correola, it stops blood,
and the mestrues [menses]; but if it be engraven with Mars being unfortunate,
on a plate of red Brass, it hinders buildings, casts down
the powerfull from dignities, honors, and riches, and causeth
discord, strife, and hatred of men, and beasts, chaseth away
Bees, Pigeons, and Fish, and hinders Mils, and renders them
unfortunate that go forth to hunting, or fighting, and causeth
barreness in men and women, and other Animals, and strikes a
terror in all enemies, and compels them to submit. The
fourth table is of the Sun, and is made of a square of six, and
contains thirty six numbers, whereof six in every side, and Diameter,
produce 111, and the sum of all is 666. There are over
it divine names with an Intelligency to what is good, with spirit
to what is evil, and out of it is drawn Characters of the
Sun, and the spirits thereof. This being engraven on a
Golden plate with the Sun being fortunate, renders him
that wears it to be renowned, amiable, acceptable, potent in
all his works, and equals a man to Kings, and Princes, elevating
him to high fortunes, inabling to do whatsoever he pleaseth:
but with an unfortunate Sun, it makes a tyrant, and a
man to be proud, ambitious, unsatisfiable, and to have an ill
ending. The fifth table is of Venus, consisting of a square of
seven drawn into it self, viz. of fourty nine numbers, whereof
seven on each side and Diameter make 175. and the sum of
all is 1225. And there are over it divine names with an Intelligency
to good, and spirit to evil; And there is drawn out of
it the Character of Venus, and the spirits thereof. This
being engraven on a Silver plate, Venus being fortunate, procureth
concord, endeth strife, procureth the love of women,
conduceth to conception, is good against barreness, causeth ability
for generation, dissolves enchantments, and causeth peace
between man, and woman, and maketh all kind of Animals
and Cattle fruitful; and being put into a Dove-house, causeth an
increase of Pigeons. It conduceth to the cure of all melancholy
distempers, and causeth joyfulness; and being carryed about travellers
make them fortunate. But if it be formed upon Brass
with an unfortunate Venus, it causeth contrary things to all that
hath bin above said. The sixt table is of Mercury resulting from
the square of eight drawn into it self, containing sixty four
numbers, whereof eight on every side and by both Diameters
make 260. and the sum of all 2080. and over it are set divine
names with an Intelligency to what is good, with a spirit
to what is evil, and from it is drawn a Character of Mercury,
and the spirits thereof; and if it be with Mercury being
fortunate engraven upon Silver, or Tin, or yellow Brass, or be
writ upon Virgin Parchment, it renders the bearer thereof
gratefull, and fortunate to do what he pleaseth: it bringeth
gain, and prevents poverty, conduceth to memory, understanding,
and divination, and to the understanding of occult things
by dreams: and if it be an unfortunate Mercury, doth all
things contrary to these. The seventh table is of the Moon, of
a square of nine multiplied into it self, having eighty one numbers,
in every side and Diameter nine, producing 369. and
the sum of all 3321. And there are over it divine names
with an Intelligency to what is good, and a spirit to what is
bad. And of it are drawn the Characters of the Moon, and of
the spirits thereof. This fortunate Moon being engraven on
Silver, renders the bearer thereof grateful, aimiable [amiable], pleasant,
cheerfull, honored, removing all malice, and ill will. It causeth
security in a ourney, increase of riches, and health of body,
drives away enemies and other evil things from what place
thou pleaseth; and if it be an unfortunate Moon engraven in a
plate of Lead, where ever it shall be buried, it makes that
place unfortunate, and the inhabitants thereabouts, as also
Ships, Rivers, Fountains, Mills, and it makes every man unfortunate,
against which it shall be directly done, making him
fly from his Country, and that place of his abode where it shall
be buried, and it hinders Physitians [physicians], and Orators, and all men
whatsoever in their office, against whom it shall be made.
Now how the seals, and Characters of the Stars, and spirits
are drawn from these tables, the wise searcher, and he which
shall understand the verifying of these tables, shall easily
|45||Jehovah extended.||àä åàå àä ãåé|
|45||Agiel||The Intelligence of Saturn||ìàéâà|
|45||Zazel||The spirit of Saturn||ìæàæ|
|136||Johphiel||The Intelligence of Jupiter||ìàéôäé|
|136||Hismael||The spirit of Jupiter||ìàîñä|
|5||He||the letter of the Holy Name||ä|
|325||Graphiel||The Intelligence of Mars.||ìàéôàøâ|
|325||Barzabel||The spirit of Mars.||ìàáàöøá|
|6||Vau||the letter of the Holy Name.||å|
|6||He extended,||the letter of the Holy Name.||àä|
|111||Nachiel||The Intelligence of the Sun.||ìàéëð|
|666||Sorath||The spirit of the Sun||úøåñ|
|49||Hagiel||The Intelligence of Venus.||ìàéâä|
|157||Kedemel||The spirit of Venus.||ìàîã÷|
|1252||Bne Seraphim||The Intelligencies of Venus.||íéôøù éðá|
|8||Asboga, eight extended.||äâáæà|
|260||Tiriel.||The Intelligence of Mercury.||ìàéøéè|
|2080||Taphthartharath||The spirit of Mercury||úøúøúôú|
|369||Hasmodai||the spirit of the Moon.||éàãåîùä|
|3321||Schedbarschemoth Scharthathan,||the spirit of the spirits of the Moon.|
|3321||Malcha betharsism hed beruah schehalim||The Intelligency of the Intelligence of the Moon.|
|íé÷äù ãåøá ãò íéñéùøáá àëìî|
The Table of Saturn in his compass.
In Hebrew notes.
The Seales or Characters.
Of the Intelligence of Saturn.
Of the Spirit of Saturn.
The Table of Jupiter in his compass.
In Hebrew notes.
The Seales or Characters.
Of the Intelligence of Jupiter.
Of the Spirit of Jupiter.
The Table of Mars in his compass.
In Hebrew notes.
The Seales or Characters.
Of the Intelligence of Mars.
Of the Spirit of Mars.
The Table of the Sun in his compass.
In Hebrew notes.
The Seales or Characters.
Of the Sun.
Of the intelligence of the Sun.
Of the Spirit of the Sun.
The Table of Venus in her Compass.
The Table of Venus in Hebrew notes.
The Seals, or Characters.Of Venus.
Of the Intelligence of Venus.
Of the Spirit of Venus.
Of the Intelligences of Venus.
The Table of Mercury in his compass.
The Table of Mercury in Hebrew notes.
The Seals or Characters of Mercury.
Of the Intelligency Of Mercury.
Of the Spirit of Mercury.
The Table of the Moon in her Compass.
The Table of the Moon in Hebrew notes.
The Seals or Characters
Of the Moon.
Of the Spirit of the Moon.
Of the Spirits of the spirits of the Moon.
Of the Intelligence of the Intelligences of the Moon.
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